U.S. Security Cooperation With Jordan
Jordan is a critical and close partner for the United States in the Middle East with which we share a number of important strategic goals. Jordan has been a staunch U.S. ally in the global effort to defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other terrorist groups. Jordan is also a close partner with the United States on a range of diplomatic and security challenges throughout the region, among them the crisis in Syria, combatting violent extremism, and advancing Middle East peace. Jordan’s stability and security is a priority for the United States, which has provided assistance to Jordan’s security efforts since the late 1960s. The United States and Jordan have memorialized bilateral foreign assistance in three non-binding Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) (FYs 2010-2014, 2015-2017, and 2018-2022), demonstrating a strong, multi-year U.S. commitment to Jordan’s security and stability. The MOUs outline areas of critical security and economic cooperation, while simultaneously helping Jordan mitigate the effects of regional crises, including the strain of refugees from Syria and Iraq on Jordan’s budget. The current five-year, $1.275 billion per year MOU is a non-binding commitment from the United States to provide economic and other types of assistance, to include a minimum of $350 million of Foreign Military Financing (FMF) each year.
U.S. military assistance broadly supports the Jordan Armed Forces’ (JAF) ability to: secure its borders; counter terrorist threats; participate in coalition operations; and defend Jordan’s national territory. Jordan received over $670 million in FY 2017 and $633 million in combined State and Department of Defense (DoD) security assistance and security cooperation funds. Jordan is the third largest recipient of FMF funds globally and the single largest recipient of DoD Section 333 funding, assistance that promotes State and DoD collaboration on security assistance goals. DoD assistance bolsters partner nation military capacity to counter terrorism and protect borders.
The Departments of State and Defense continue to work closely to support, and expedite where possible, the provision of equipment and other assistance Jordan needs, including small arms, munitions, aircraft spare parts, night vision devices, and other equipment that is essential to defeat ISIS.
The United States has delivered critically needed munitions to the Royal Jordanian Air Force (RJAF) for use by its F-16 fighter aircraft in coalition operations against ISIS. Additionally, we continue to support efforts to strengthen the JAF’s ability to rapidly respond to transnational threats along its border with Syria through focused training programs to build the conventional skills and expertise of the JAF and via the provision of equipment such as UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters. The United States also plans to complete key work on the Jordan Border Security Program, an integrated border security surveillance, detection, and interdiction system along Jordan's land borders.
In addition to FMF, Jordan received $4 million in International Military Education and Training (IMET) funding in FY 2018, one of the largest IMET allocations in the world. IMET provides professional military education and training to military students to increase professionalization, build capacity in key areas, enhance joint interoperability, create a better understanding of the United States, and grow lasting military-to-military relationships. This assistance is key to establishing relationships with future leaders in the JAF. IMET graduates in Jordan include King Abdullah II, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Vice Chairman, the Air Force commander, the Special Forces commander, and numerous other commanders.