Executive Summary

Foreign Military Training: Joint Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2004 and 2005
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
April 2005

This report is presented pursuant to the requirements of two laws: the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, as amended, and the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2005 (Division D, P.L. 108-447). FAA, Section 656 (22 U.S.C. 2416), requires:
  1. Annual Report

    1. In general - not later than January 31 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel by the Department of Defense and the Department of State during the previous fiscal year and all such training proposed for the current fiscal year.

    2. Exception for certain countries - paragraph (1) does not apply to any NATO member, Australia, Japan, or New Zealand, unless one of the appropriate congressional committees has specifically requested, in writing, inclusion of such country in the report. Such request shall be made not later than 90 calendar days prior to the date on which the report is required to be transmitted. (No such request has been received this year.)

    3. The report includes the following:

      • For each military training activity, the foreign policy justification and purpose for the activity, the number of foreign military personnel provided training and their units of operation, and the location of the training.
      • For each country, the aggregate number of students trained and the aggregate cost of the military training activities.
      • With respect to United States (U.S.) personnel, the operational benefits to the U.S. forces derived from each military training activity and the U.S. military units involved in each activity.

  2. Form. The report shall be in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

  3. Availability on Internet. All unclassified portions of the report shall be made available to the public on the Internet through the Department of State (State).

Section 552 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriation Act, 2005, Division D, P.L. 108-447, requires that the report be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate by the date specified in FAA, Section 656.

This report was generated using data submitted by multiple sources, to include Security Assistance Organizations, Combatant Commanders and other DoD agencies. Sources are given detailed information on how to report each program. These specific requirements assist the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) in identifying each program when integrating all submitted data to form a consolidated report. Volume I provides the operational benefits to U.S. forces for these training and education programs and other security cooperation activities; a description of each type of activity; a summary of all training provided, along with the foreign policy justification for each country; country activity training lists; and explanations of the purpose for each training activity. Volume I is unclassified and posted on the State website. Volumes II and III are classified and, therefore, not posted.

The report contains approximately 40,750 individual events. In FY 2004, about 50,000 individuals from 152 countries participated in training worth a total value of approximately $412M. The individual events are assembled in alphabetical order within regions by country and fiscal year, and then listed in three main categories - education and training activities provided under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program; State-funded activities; and DoD-funded activities.

State-funded activities reported include: International Military Education and Training (IMET); Foreign Military Financing (FMF)-funded training; International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL); African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA); Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities (EIPC); and FAA drawdown for narcotics education and training.

DoD-funded activities reported include: Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP); Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities; Combatant Command Security Cooperation Activities (e.g., Counter-Narcotics, Humanitarian Demining); and other Non-Security Assistance programs.

Miscellaneous DoD activities reported include: Service Academy; Aviation Leadership Program; Exchanges; and Regional Programs; the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS), the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (Marshall Center), the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS), the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies (NESA Center), and the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS); and certain classified Combatant Command activities.

Although the Department of Defense does not deem the Joint Combined Exchange Training (JCET) events as training, they are included in this report. Some categories of training, such as Expanded-IMET (E-IMET) activities, the Counterterrorism Fellowship Program and the programs of the Regional Centers, also include training of non-military personnel, and some non-training counterdrug activities.