2015 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Somalia
Two decades of civil war and internal conflicts, as well as periodic border conflicts with Ethiopia, severely contaminated Somalia with landmines and UXO. Several years of humanitarian demining support from the United States and the international community have reduced the level of contamination significantly in Somaliland, a semi-autonomous region of Somalia, and led to a decrease in mine-related accidents. According to HALO, 221 confirmed hazardous areas, covering 19.9 million square meters (7.4 square miles) of land, remain to be cleared in Somaliland as of April 2014. In Puntland, a 2005 landmine impact survey identified 35 mine-affected communities in 47 suspected hazardous areas, impacting about 151,000 people. No estimates yet exist of landmine and UXO contamination in south-central Somalia.
From FY1998 through FY2014, the United States invested more than $20.3 million in CWD programs in Somalia, with the bulk of this assistance for humanitarian demining in Somaliland. The United States gave additional funds to Somalia outside of Somaliland for SA/LW destruction and control, MANPADS stockpile reduction, victim assistance and other programs, increasing access to land and critical infrastructure.
In FY2014, the U.S. government contributed $2 million for CWD in Somalia.
The Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partners:
• Danish Demining Group continued projects for MANPADS reduction and PSSM improvements in Somaliland.
• HALO continued landmine and UXO clearance, surveyed and resurveyed suspected hazardous areas, and conducted mine risk education in Somaliland.
• MAG improved Somalia’s military, police, and maritime forces’ PSSM capacity. This included building armories for the Somali National Army in Mogadishu.