2015 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Zimbabwe

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) remains contaminated with landmines more than 30 years after its war of liberation in the 1970s. According to HALO, Rhodesian Security Forces laid more than 2.5 million anti-personnel landmines and 76,000 anti-personnel fragmentation landmines during the conflict, creating one of the densest minefields in the world with about 5,500 landmines per linear kilometer (0.62 miles). Remaining contamination is estimated at 105 million square meters (4.05 square miles) and comprises less than 600 linear kilometers (373 miles) along Zimbabwe’s border with Mozambique. The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor reports that the National Demining Authority of Zimbabwe (NAMAAZ) estimates that landmines killed 1,585 people since the end of the war. Zimbabwe has an estimated 1,300 survivors.

From FY1998 through FY2014, the United States provided more than $9.8 million to Zimbabwe to build NAMAAZ’s capacity through the equipping and training of multiple military engineer companies, which has enabled the removal and safe disposition of landmines and UXO, and increased access to land and essential infrastructure. In FY2014, the U.S. government contributed more than $2.7 million for CWD in Zimbabwe.

The Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partners:

• HALO and NPA supported minefield and battle area clearance, suspected hazardous surveys, and mine risk education projects along the Zimbabwe-Mozambique border.