2015 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan remains littered with landmines primarily due to its ongoing conflict with Armenia. Abandoned Soviet-era munitions dumps and UXO also continue to pose a significant threat to area residents. A landmine impact survey conducted in accessible territories from 2002 to 2003 found that the war-torn districts along the cease-fire line and the border with Armenia suffered the greatest landmine and UXO contamination, particularly in the Fizuli District. Subsequent re-surveys and ongoing clearance operations since 1998 reduced the area of contamination to approximately 155,449,212 square meters (more than 60 square miles) by 2015. However, the survey did not examine the Nakhchivan exclave; areas under the control of Armenian forces, including Nagorno-Karabakh; or other small areas. The scope of the landmine and UXO problem in zones occupied by Armenian forces remains severe.
From FY1999 through FY2014, the United States invested more than $30.1 million in CWD programs in Azerbaijan for landmine and UXO clearance, training, equipment procurement, and increases in the number of humanitarian demining teams and mine detection dog teams operating in country. In FY2014, the U.S. government contributed $325,000 for CWD in Azerbaijan.
The Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partner:
• NSPA supported a three-phase clearance project across 64 million square meters (25 square miles) of the former Soviet military testing facility and training field in the Jeyranchel area along the Azerbaijani-Georgian border. As the lead nation on this project, the United States plans to continue providing financial support in FY2015.