2015 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Serbia

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Serbia’s landmine and UXO contamination stems from the breakup of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the 1990s and from NATO airstrikes that targeted Serbian military sites during the 1999 Kosovo conflict. Although landmines remain concentrated along the southern border with Kosovo, recent clearance efforts have reduced contamination, and Serbia is nearing full national capacity to address remaining threats. Nevertheless, Serbia faces additional risks from maintaining a large stockpile of aging conventional munitions inherited from the former Yugoslav National Army.

From FY2001 through FY2006, the United States invested more than $5.6 million for CWD programs, including humanitarian mine action, in Serbia and Montenegro, which divided into two countries in 2006. From FY2007 through FY2014, the United States invested nearly $16.7 million in CWD efforts in Serbia. In FY2014, the U.S. government contributed $900,000 for CWD in Serbia.

The Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partners:

• ITF continued clearance of high-priority areas contaminated with landmines and UXO.

• NSPA continued destruction of excess stockpiles of outdated and at-risk conventional munitions at the Tehnicki Remontni Zavod Kragujevac (TRZ Kragujevac facility). This is a U.K.-led project.