2015 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Ukraine

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Date: 2015 Description: Director of the demilitarization facility in Shostka observes munitions previously destroyed via open-burn method. To date, the NATO Partnership for Peace Trust Fund project to destroy excess Ukrainian small arms/light weapons and conventional ammunition is the largest NATO Trust Fund operation.  © Photo courtesy of the Department of State.

Ukraine has UXO contamination dating back to World War I, and continues to maintain large quantities of excess and aging conventional arms and munitions inherited from the Soviet forces’ withdrawal from Eastern Europe in the early 1990s. In 2005, NSPA estimated that Ukraine held as many as 7 million SA/LW and stored as much as 2 million tons of conventional ammunition in more than 80 overflowing depots. Between 1998 and 2011, 10 unplanned explosions at munitions sites occurred, illustrating the PSSM threat to Ukraine’s population and vital infrastructure.

From FY2004 through FY2014, the United States invested more than $24.3 million for SA/LW initiatives in Ukraine. In FY2014, the U.S. government contributed more than $7 million for CWD in Ukraine.

The Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partner:

• NSPA continued to implement the multinational-supported NATO Partnership for Peace Trust Fund munitions reduction program. The United States serves as lead nation for this effort, which is the largest NATO Trust Fund operation. Due to Russia’s seizure and occupation of Crimea, and the ongoing conflict fueled by combined Russian-separatist forces in parts of the eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, periodic interruptions in ammunition destruction occurred during FY2014.