2015 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Yemen

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Date: 2015 Description: Despite the hardships facing Syrian refugee children in Jordan, they still enjoy playing. Spirit of Soccer teaches mine risk education through games.  © Photo courtesy of Spirit of Soccer.

Various violent conflicts since 1962, including a civil war in 1994 and persistent clashes between tribal actors and the government, have contaminated Yemen with landmines and UXO. Militant extremist groups, proximity to the Horn of Africa, and fragile government structure continue to hinder the country’s peacebuilding and CWD efforts. Nevertheless, U.S. funding for security efforts aimed at preventing the proliferation of advanced conventional weapons remains a high priority. As of December 2010, clearance was complete in all 14 Yemeni communities that were highly affected by landmines and UXO, with the exception of three minefields subject to permanent marking. Clearance was also completed in 81 of the 86 medium-affected communities. By the end of 2013, Yemen had reportedly conducted demining and battle area clearance on 79 million square meters (305 square miles) of land, destroying in the process 89,291 anti-personnel landmines, 758 anti-vehicle mines, and 191,000 items of UXO.

From FY1997 through FY2014, the United States invested more than $23.9 million in CWD programs in Yemen. In FY2014, the U.S. government contributed $700,000 for CWD in Yemen.

The Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partners:

• Marshall Legacy Institute continued the CHAMPS Mine Detection Dog Partnership Program, and victim assistance programs. These programs partnered with the Yemeni Association of Landmine Survivors and the Yemen Executive Mine Action Center (YEMAC) to provide mine risk education, medical assistance, and rehabilitative care to landmine survivors.

• UNDP continued building the existing capacity of the YEMAC by providing equipment, training, and management support. Funds also provided medical care, mine and UXO clearance, mine and UXO-risk education, and reintegration support and facilities for landmine and UXO survivors.