2016 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Yemen

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Yemen
Funding FY13 FY14 FY15 FY97–15 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 2,000 700 2,000 21,055
DoD 0 0 0 4,846
Country Total 2,000 700 2,000 25,901
Dollars in thousands

Over the past 50 years, Yemen has been plagued with a number of conflicts (1962-1969; 1970-1983; and 1994) that have resulted in a significant and deadly legacy of landmines and UXO. Prior to the 1990 unification of North and South Yemen, landmines were laid which still remain. Armed conflict between al-Qa‘ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and government troops began in 2009 and escalated during 2011. AQAP left behind IEDs interspersed with older landmines and UXO when it withdrew from areas under its control in southern Yemen in 2012. Successful landmine survey and clearance efforts achieved after 2012 were hampered due to intensified fighting between the Houthi Supreme Revolutionary Council and the government starting in September 2014. As a result of the continued fighting, the extent and impact caused by contamination from landmines and UXO has increased many fold. Due to the ongoing conflict, many projects were not implemented by the end of the reporting period.

From 1997 through 2015, the United States invested more than $25.9 million in CWD programs in Yemen.

From October 2014 through December 2015, the Department of State supported the work of the following implementing partners:

• United Nations Development Programme‘s (UNDP) international technical experts deployed in November 2015 to support YEMAC in developing its national strategy, prioritizing survey and clearance efforts, as well as developing emergency phase clearance plans as UXO are found and reported by citizens. UNDP also focused on the development of Yemen’s local humanitarian mine action capacity to prioritize survey and clearance efforts independently to release areas for productive civilian use, teach citizens about the harmful effects of these remaining hazards through risk education, and assist in reintegration efforts for landmine survivors.

• MLI conducted the CHAMPS and Mine Victims’ Assistance program in partnership with the Yemeni Association of Landmine Survivors and YEMAC to provide risk education, medical assistance, and rehabilitative care to landmine survivors.