2017 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Angola
|DOS NADR - CWD||6,000||5,600||4,700||102,504|
Dollars in thousands
Following more than 40 years of conflict, Angola is one of the world’s most landmine and UXO-affected countries, with all of its 18 provinces reporting some level of contamination. According to the Angolan government’s March 2015 nationwide census, 88,716 people were living with a disability caused by landmines or UXO. Several accidents in 2016 highlighted the continued need for increased clearance efforts. As of December 2016, the Angolan government reported 118 square kilometers (about 45 square miles) of contamination. Aging weapons and munitions, also a legacy of the conflict, pose risks of both illicit proliferation and accidental detonation, placing thousands of civilian lives in danger. Approximately two million SA/LW were distributed to civil defense forces during the civil war, and massive government stockpiles of SA/LW and excess munitions remain.
From 1995 to 2016, the United States invested more than $122.9 million for CWD in Angola, improving access to land and infrastructure through mine and UXO removal and disposal; destroying unserviceable, excess, and unsecured SA/LW and munitions; and developing Angola’s CWD capacity.
In 2016, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:
- The HALO Trust (HALO) continued to conduct humanitarian demining, surveyed suspected hazardous areas, cleared confirmed hazardous areas, performed explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) “spot” tasks, destroyed SA/LW, and safely destroyed or reduced other at-risk and excess munitions. HALO also provided mine risk education.
- MAG continued to survey suspected hazardous areas, cleared confirmed hazardous areas, conducted EOD “spot” tasks, and safely destroyed or reduced at-risk and excess munitions. MAG also provided mine risk education.
- Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) continued to survey suspected hazardous areas, clear confirmed hazardous areas, conduct EOD “spot” tasks, and provide mine risk education. NPA also facilitated a land return program in the province of Malanje for productive use through technical survey, mine and battle area clearance, and surveyed and defined confirmed hazardous areas in the municipalities of Cambundi-Catembo, Luquembo, and Quirima.
With funding from the Department of Defense, HD R&D provided funding and new technology to support mine action assistance in Angola. In partnership with MAG, HD R&D expanded the operations of the dual-sensor Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System (HSTAMIDS) in manual mine clearance of densely cluttered minefields. MAG also began using the Rex, a versatile, lightweight armored excavator designed to clear vegetation and obstacles, and mechanically remove and neutralize anti-personnel mines and UXO. HD R&D’s program partners have used its technologies in the clearance of more than 1.3 million square meters (501,933 square miles) of land and 750 mines and pieces of UXO since 2006.