2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Africa

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Total U.S. conventional weapons destruction funding in Africa from all U.S. agencies, 1993–2017: more than $438.9 million

While some countries in Africa continue to suffer extensive ERW contamination, others face ongoing threats from terrorist organizations like Boko Haram, Al-Shabaab, and other extremist groups that have declared support to ISIS. Elsewhere, dense minefields and UXO hotspots endanger civilians and obstruct economic progress.

Illicit trafficking of SA/LW in the Sahel and in East and Central Africa has threatened regional security and provided the means for cross-border violence and terrorist attacks in the region and beyond. State-held stockpiles of excess conventional arms and munitions are poorly-secured in many countries, creating a risk for illicit weapons diversion. Weak security institutions and porous state borders make it easier for violent extremist groups and other non-state actors to obtain SA/LW and launch attacks throughout the Sahel, East and Central Africa, and beyond. For example, the greater Sahel region continues to suffer the influx of illicit SA/LW, with these weapons ending up in the hands of Boko Haram fighters in Nigeria and the Lake Chad basin.

Since 1993, U.S. CWD programs have provided more than $438.9 million of assistance to 35 African countries. Through these programs, the United States supports international efforts to reduce stockpiles and improve PSSM. CWD efforts by the United States and international partners promote peacebuilding and set the stage for economic growth and opportunity, facilitating greater stability throughout the continent.

Percent of U.S. CWD Funding in Africa by Country

Date: 2018 Description: Percent of U.S. CWD Funding in Africa by Country -- Angola 28.97%; *Benin 0.00%; Burkina Faso 0.35%; Burundi 0.77%; CAR 0.05%; Chad 3.51%; DRC 5.70%; Congo 0.65%; Djibouti 0.70%; Eritrea 4.13%; Ethiopia 3.59%; Guinea 0.02%; Guinea-Bissau 1.70%; Kenya 0.69%;*Lesotho 0.00%; Liberia 1.13%; Mali 0.70%; Mauritania 1.96%; Mozambique 12.85%; Namibia 2.13%; Niger 0.50%; Nigeria 0.48%; Rwanda 2.89%; Sao Tome/Principe 0.01%; Senegal 1.35%; Sierra Leone 0.40%; Somalia 5.73%; South Sudan 3.11%; Sudan 6.96%; Eswatini (Swaziland) 0.29%; Tanzania 0.60%; Togo 0.01%; Uganda 0.29%; Zambia 0.57%; Zimbabwe 3.59%. Regional funding is not included in this chart. It is included in the Global/Multi-country funding line found on page 75. * less than 0.01%. - State Dept Image