2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY02–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 500 3,221 2,000 16,334
DoD 107 0 0 1,083
USAID 2,000 1,722 1,275 7,597
COUNTRY TOTAL 2,607 4,943 3,275 25,014

Dollars in thousands

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

Several of the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) provinces remain contaminated with landmines and UXO following two decades of war with neighboring states, non-state actors, and the recent resurgence of conflict in several eastern border areas. In 2015, the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC) conducted a countrywide assessment of storage facilities to identify unstable, obsolete, and excess stockpiles of arms and ammunition. The FARDC identified 336.7 metric tons of ammunition that threaten a population of more than 7.5 million people.

In addition to landmine and UXO contamination, illicit flows of SA/LW easily pass through porous borders unchecked by governmental controls, as illegally armed groups have de facto control of some of these areas. Non-state actors in the eastern and northern provinces of the DRC continue to terrorize civilians and conduct cross-border operations against neighboring countries.

From 2002 to 2017, the United States invested more than $25 million in funding for CWD efforts in the DRC, destroying more than 158,000 SA/LW, 1,403 metric tons of munitions, 345 anti-vehicle mines, 2,028 anti-personnel landmines, and 14 MANPADS, as well as improving the DRC’s PSSM capacity and supporting the DRC government’s ability to mark and trace state-owned weapons.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • MAG disposed of 174 metric tons of obsolete and surplus ammunition and 8,397 weapons; and trained the DRC military and Congolese police personnel in PSSM best practices and on how to make basic security improvements to arms storage facilities.
  • DanChurchAid (DCA) continued to advance sustainable development in the DRC by clearing mines and UXO in areas of priority humanitarian need in the northeast, conducting EOD call-outs, and educating the public about the risks of mines and UXO.
  • Polus conducted prosthetic training for 10 Congolese technicians in Goma, provided prosthetic limbs to landmine survivors, developed individual treatment plans for 20 landmine survivors, and helped to form three survivor assistance associations in the Lake Kivu region. These efforts helped communities affected by conflict, particularly cooperatives and local farmers, who benefit from increased economic opportunities through the DRC’s emerging coffee industry.

USAID’s Leahy War Victims Fund supported Humanity and Inclusion (HI) efforts to provide training for rehabilitation service personnel and economic empowerment, assistive technology delivery, and medical and physical rehabilitation for people with disabilities.