2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Mali

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING* FY15 FY16 FY17 FY13–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 1,200 500 1,000 2,700
DoD 0 170 182 352
COUNTRY TOTAL 1,200 670 1,182 3,052

Dollars in thousands
*Department of State FY13 funding is included in regional funding.

MALI

An armed insurrection in northern Mali and a subsequent coup d’état in 2012 engendered an international response. Malian and French forces, together with UN peacekeepers, have continued to engage in mid-intensity conflict with violent extremist organizations (VEOs) in central and northern Mali. In 2017, the G5 Sahel (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger) established a Joint Force to address terrorism and banditry in the Sahel. Illicit weapons from Libya fuel conflict, and VEOs frequently loot Malian stockpiles of conventional weapons and ammunition to sustain their fight.

CWD programs aim to strengthen the capacity of the government of Mali to manage its SA/LW stockpiles independently of donor support, thus securing Mali as a counter-terrorism partner of the United States. From 2013 to 2017, the United States invested more than $3 million in Mali. These projects supported the destruction of SA/LW and munitions, improved the host nation’s PSSM capacity, and managed surveys and assessments to scope future work.

The objective of CWD efforts is to improve security and stability in Mali and in the Sahel by denying weapons and ammunition to terrorists and mitigating the risk of accidental depot explosions. Since MAG began PSSM operations in Mali in 2015, it has secured more than 27,990 weapons, built three storehouses for explosives, and trained 256 security force personnel in SA/LW management. Mali Security and Defense Forces authorities have asked for continued support to strengthen security and reduce the risk of diversion of state-owned SA/LW to illicit markets.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partner:

  • MAG strengthened the capacity of the military, police, and other security forces to manage state-held weapons and ammunition effectively. MAG trained 87 personnel in PSSM, built or refurbished 22 armories, and assisted the national security sector in further prioritizing its PSSM needs.

With funding from the Department of Defense, USARAF conducted two missions in Mali focused on developing a cadre to teach basic EOD Level I Awareness, with training and an initial shipment of equipment provided.