2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Somalia

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

DOS NADR - CWD 1,800 2,000 1,000 25,145
COUNTRY TOTAL 1,800 2,000 1,000 25,145

Dollars in thousands


The Ethiopian-Somali wars and more than 22 years of internal conflicts among clans have left much of Somalia contaminated with landmines and UXO. Many abandoned stockpiles of arms and munitions are located near residential areas in major cities. Trafficking of military SA/LW is also widespread and constitutes a grave threat to Somalia’s civilian population and regional stability.

From 1998 to 2017, the United States invested more than $25.1 million in CWD programs in Somalia for humanitarian mine clearance, SA/LW destruction, MANPADS stockpile reduction, survivor assistance, and other programs to increase access to critical infrastructure and promoting overall stability. U.S. efforts focus on improving the Federal Government of Somalia’s ability to capably manage its weapons and munitions stockpiles, particularly in South Central Somalia, where the risk of illicit diversion to Al-Shabab and other terrorist organizations is the highest.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • HALO continued to implement a final humanitarian mine action project in Somaliland, clearing over 149,000 square meters (36 acres) in 2017 and build capacity by training, equipping, and mentoring two Somaliland regional authority teams. It also deployed weapons and ammunition disposal teams in South Central Somalia that destroyed 877 unsecured items of UXO vulnerable to looting. Finally, HALO constructed an armory for the Somalia National Army in Hirshabelle State.
  • MAG improved the physical security of 6,640 weapons by upgrading 11 priority armories and trained 641 Somaliland and Darawish (Puntland forces) security personnel in armory management.