2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Zimbabwe

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY98–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 3,000 1,000 1,500 12,086
DoD 173 78 153 3,669
COUNTRY TOTAL 3,173 1,078 1,653 15,755

Dollars in thousands

ZIMBABWE

After 40 years of independence, Zimbabwe is still contaminated with landmines. Zimbabwe Security Forces’ records indicate more than 2.5 million anti-personnel mines, 76,000 anti-personnel fragmentation mines, and an unknown number of anti-vehicle mines that were laid in belts with booby traps and UXO contamination. In the northeast, the mine density ratio could be as high as 5,500 landmines per linear kilometer (0.62 mile). As of July 2017, the Republic of Zimbabwe confirmed mine contamination of over 62 square kilometers (24 square miles).

From 1998 to 2017, the United States invested more than $15.7 million in Zimbabwe for CWD capacity building, including funding nongovernmental organizations and training multiple military engineer companies to facilitate the removal and safe disposition of mines and UXO, the return of land for agricultural use, mine risk education, and survivor assistance.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • HALO continued to clear highly impacted communities along the northeastern border with Mozambique and survey suspected hazard areas. HALO manually cleared 282,318 square meters (70 acres) of land, processed 8,964 cubic meters with mechanical assets, and conducted 29 EOD call-outs, resulting in the destruction of 4,084 anti-personnel mines. HALO returned a further 531,156 square meters (131 acres) to productive use through technical survey, and cancelled 486,486 square meters (120 acres) of suspected hazardous area through non-technical survey. Finally, HALO held mine risk education sessions for 3,221 persons and provided 12 survivors with prosthetic limbs.
  • NPA continued to clear highly impacted communities along the eastern border with Mozambique and survey suspected hazard areas. NPA cleared 315,708 square meters (78 acres) of land, destroyed 4,797 anti-personnel mines, and returned a further 603,630 square meters (149 acres) to productive use through technical survey. NPA also provided mine risk education for 1,460 people.

With funding from the Department of Defense, HD R&D, in partnership with HALO, evaluated the HSTAMIDS in densely cluttered minefields. HD R&D technologies were used in the clearance of 6,698 mines from 618,000 square meters (153 acres) of land to date.