2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: East Asia and Pacific

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Total U.S. conventional weapons destruction funding in East Asia and Pacific from all U.S. agencies, 1993–2017: more than $473.6 million

Landmines and UXO have remained a persistent threat in many countries in the East Asia and Pacific region since World War II. With the Vietnam War and the related bombing of Laos and Cambodia by U.S. forces, Southeast Asia has suffered perhaps the most from the lingering dangers of explosive hazards. According to the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs, Laos is the most heavily bombed country per capita in the world. Cambodia underwent 30 years of conflict that ended in the 1990s and resulted in additional landmine and UXO contamination. And now Burma must contend with new contamination as landmines laid in 2016 and 2017 along the border between northern Rakhine State and Bangladesh claim lives.

For over 20 years, efforts to clear mines and UXO have strengthened our relationships with countries in the East Asia and Pacific region. Thanks to smart investments in targeted clearance operations and survivor assistance, the United States and its implementing partners are building local CWD capacity, enabling countries to better manage these challenges themselves over the long term.

Since 1997, the U.S. CWD program has provided more than $473.6 million in the East Asia and Pacific region for building local capacity, clearing legacy ordnance, providing mine risk education, survivor assistance, and reducing SA/LW proliferation.

Percent of U.S. CWD Funding in East Asia and Pacific by Country

Date: 2018 Description: Percent of U.S. CWD Funding in East Asia and Pacific by Country -- Burma 1.59%; Cambodia 28.22%; Laos 35.71%; Marshall Islands 0.26%; Palau 0.49%; Philippines 0.64%; Solomon Islands 0.98%; Thailand 3.72%; Vietnam 25.19%. Regional funding is not included in this chart. It is included in the Global/Multi-country funding line found on page 75. - State Dept Image