2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Burma

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

DOS NADR - CWD 2,000 0 0 2,835
DOS-OTHER 0 0 0 850
USAID 0 500 500 3,850
COUNTRY TOTAL 2,000 500 500 7,535

Dollars in thousands


As a result of decades of internal conflict between the Burmese army and armed ethnic groups, landmines concentrated along Burma’s borders with Bangladesh, China, and Thailand remain a threat, particularly to ethnic minority communities. Landmines continue to be deployed in conflict areas, including in 2017 along the border between northern Rakhine State and Bangladesh, while World War II-era legacy UXO still affects the country.

While no comprehensive estimate of the level of contamination exists, the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor reported at least 298 casualties in 2016, a marked increase from 2015. The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor identified 3,991 as the number of all known casualties from 1999 through the end of 2016 from mine and UXO incidents in Burma, but the total number of casualties is unknown and expected to be much higher.

From 2011 to 2017, the United States invested more than $7.5 million for programs that provided survivor assistance and risk education in Burma.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners (using FY15 funds):

  • Danish Demining Group (DDG) conducted risk education and survivor assistance in Kachin and northern Shan States.
  • HI provided risk education, survivor assistance, and livelihoods support in Bago and Kayin States.

USAID’s Leahy War Victims Fund supported Development Alternatives International to ensure survivor participation at all levels of work related to survivor assistance and promote inclusion and support for people with disabilities through a small grants program.