2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Vietnam

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY93–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 12,548 10,709 12,500 86,359
CDC 0 0 0 1,848
DoD 340 722 1,168 4,295
USAID 0 0 0 26,799
COUNTRY TOTAL 12,888 11,431 13,668 119,301

Dollars in thousands

VIETNAM

Thirty years of conflict from World War II through the Vietnam War left much of Vietnam contaminated with UXO. The majority of this UXO is concentrated along the former Demilitarized Zone, including Quang Tri, Quang Binh, Ha Tinh, and Quang Nam Provinces. Parts of southern Vietnam and the country’s border with China also remain contaminated with UXO and some landmines.

The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor reported nine casualties in 2016, slightly up from seven reported in 2015. In 2016, the Vietnam National Mine Action Center (VNMAC) officially opened its new headquarters in Hanoi and has continued to establish itself as its government’s lead for issues related to UXO and landmines. U.S. capacity development support for VNMAC continued in 2017 through the provision of a technical advisor and the establishment of an information management unit within VNMAC headquarters. Supporting VNMAC’s development will ensure that Vietnam has the capacity to deal with residual UXO and landmine threats. President Trump visited Vietnam in November 2017 and cooperation on UXO clearance was highlighted in the resulting U.S.-Vietnam joint statement as an important bilateral area of cooperation.

Date: 2018 Description: A PeaceTrees EOD technician points to UXO found in Quang Tri Province, Vietnam, part of a program funded by PM/WRA. © Photo courtesy of PeaceTrees

From 1993 to 2017, the United States invested more than $119.3 million for CWD programs in Vietnam that cleared mines and UXO, provided mine risk education and survivor assistance, and supported national capacity development.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • Catholic Relief Services (CRS) continued to provide support to survivors of UXO and mine accidents and/or their families in Quang Tri Province. Support is customized for each beneficiary and includes medical assistance, vocational training, and education. Additionally, CRS continued a 48-month project aimed at helping provincial governments in Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam, and the city of Danang to institutionalize risk education materials and training in schools.
  • Golden West continued to develop the capacity of the Quang Binh, Ha Tinh, and Quang Tri provincial demining units so they are certified to IMAS and equipped to deal with UXO contamination in their respective provinces. Additionally, Golden West provided IMAS training to PeaceTrees Vietnam EOD teams.
  • The International Center-Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation continued to help develop the capacity of VNMAC and the executive office of the National Mine Action Program to plan, coordinate, and manage the program in Vietnam.
  • With further co-funding from PM/WRA and Japan, MAG continued providing the clearance component for a comprehensive UXO survey and clearance project in Quang Binh Province.
  • NPA continued to provide the survey component for a comprehensive survey and clearance project aimed at making Quang Tri safe from known UXO hazards. NPA also supported capacity development of VNMAC through provision of a technical advisor, development of a technical survey standard operating procedure, and establishment of an information management unit.
  • PeaceTrees Vietnam continued to field EOD response teams and fund clearance operations along the heavily contaminated Quang Tri border with Laos.

With funding from the Department of Defense,

  • HD R&D technologies have been used in the clearance of 5,200 mines and UXO from 730,000 square meters (180 acres) of land to date. HD R&D, in partnership with MAG, continued an operational field evaluation of soil processing and vegetation cutting attachments.
  • USPACOM’s EOD Mobile Unit Five continued to partner with the Vietnamese Navy to provide underwater humanitarian demining, in support of President Trump’s November 2017 joint statement with President Tran Dai Quang, which committed both governments to cooperate in the removal of ERW. USPACOM/USARPAC also expanded upon its five-year collaboration with VNMAC and the VNM Engineering Command by conducting a Phase I EOD/Blast Trauma train-the-trainer program.