2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY96–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 3,974 4,500 2,750 83,381
DOS Other 0 0 0 1,000
CDC 0 0 0 3,210
DoD 0 78 249 4,987
USAID 0 0 0 20,500
COUNTRY TOTAL 3,974 4,578 2,999 113,078

Dollars in thousands

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Over 20 years after the breakup of Yugoslavia and subsequent regional conflicts, Bosnia and Herzegovina remains heavily contaminated with landmines and UXO. It also inherited an aging stockpile of conventional arms and unstable ammunition from the former Yugoslav National Army. Most remaining minefields are in the area of separation between Bosnia and Herzegovina’s two political entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, and around strategic facilities such as ammunition or weapons depots. As of December 2017, there were reportedly 1,061 square kilometers (409 square miles) of mine-contaminated land, representing 2.2 percent of the country’s territory.

Date: 2018 Description: Signs are placed around an area being cleared in Bosnia and Herzegovina. © Photo courtesy of MAG

From 1996 to 2017, the United States provided more than $113 million in CWD programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including landmine clearance, mine risk education, survivor assistance, weapons and munitions stockpile destruction, and PSSM initiatives.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • In coordination with the Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Defense and the U.S. Embassy in Sarajevo, Janus destroyed over 570 metric tons (3,878,060 items) of excess, unsafe arms and ammunition.
  • Small Arms Survey used Bosnia and Herzegovina as a case study for its continued research into the life-cycle management of ammunition. The published results will be used to enhance stockpile security and management in Bosnia and Herzegovina and around the world.
  • ITF cleared 918,770 square meters (227 acres) of land through manual demining or technical survey throughout the country by utilizing local, private operators working in close coordination with the U.S. Embassy in Sarajevo and the Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Center. This work benefited more than 11,450 people across 16 different municipalities.
  • ITF and the MDDC released 3.7 million square meters (914.2 acres) of land at 15 locations in the municipality of Konjic.
  • The United States and the government of Japan partnered with ITF to enable the return of 295,638 square meters (73 acres) of land through manual clearance and technical survey in the municipalities of Ilijaš and Busova?a. This joint effort lowered administrative costs and enabled both countries to clear more territory than if they had each funded separate projects.
  • The United States utilized ITF to donate demining visors and mine detectors to the Bosnia and Herzegovina Armed Forces Demining Battalion, the Federation’s Department of Civil Protection, and the Republika Srpska’s Civil Protection Administration.
  • MAG initiated pilot land release projects reducing 204,801 square meters (over 50 acres) of land through technical survey and clearing 67,248 square meters (over 16 acres) of land in the Pale-Pra?a municipality. MLI and the MDDC joined forces to focus on the last known contaminated area in the Kreševo Municipality, clearing and returning 55,421 square meters (13.7 acres) back to productive use.
  • MLI continued its Children Against Mines Program (CHAMPS) and the Mine Detection Dog Partnership Program, which enhance indigenous demining capacity, provide mine risk education to various local ethnic groups, assist landmine survivors, and connect schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina with schools in the United States.

With funding from the Department of Defense, HD R&D, in partnership with MAG, provided an aerial survey system to facilitate project planning and supervision.