2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Kosovo

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY96–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 550 475 0 8,475
DoD 120 204 71 4,860
USAID 0 0 0 17,472
COUNTRY TOTAL 670 679 71 30,807

Dollars in thousands

KOSOVO

Date: 2018 Description: NPA, funded by PM/WRA, conducts a clearance training exercise in Kryshec, Kosovo. - State Dept ImageUXO contamination in Kosovo resulted primarily from the conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and the Kosovo Liberation Army in the late 1990s, and later between the FRY and NATO forces in 1999. At the end of 2016, according to the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, mine contamination covered 1.9 square kilometers (0.7 square miles). Just over 150,000 square meters (37 acres) were cleared in 2016.

From 1996 to 2017, the United States provided more than $30.8 million in CWD efforts in Kosovo supporting capacity development of the Kosovo Mine Action Center, non-technical surveys, and ERW clearance activities (with FY16 funds).

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • HALO returned 624,184 square meters (154 acres) of land back to local populations in Kryshec, Dumnice, Bradash, and Lebane by conducting technical survey and sub-surface battle area clearance.
  • NPA returned 806,757 square meters (199 acres) of land back to local communities in the areas of Zvecan, Mokra Gora, Zubin Potok, and Boljetin by performing clearance and land release activities at cluster munition strike sites.

With funding from the Department of Defense,

  • HD R&D, in partnership with HALO, cleared 10,000 square meters (2.47 acres) of land in the first months of 2017 using HSTAMIDS dual-head mine detectors loaned by HD R&D.
  • USEUCOM conducted a comprehensive assessment of the Kosovo Security Force’s EOD capability to assess current equipment shortfalls and capability gaps. This assessment outlined future requirements which would benefit long-term engagement and growth.