2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Serbia
|DOS NADR - CWD||195||2,100||1,250||20,230|
Dollars in thousands
Serbia’s landmine and UXO contamination is the result of the Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s and NATO air strikes targeting military sites during the 1999 Kosovo conflict. In addition to UXO, landmine contamination persisted along Serbia’s shared borders with Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. As of April 2017, Bujanovac (along the border with Kosovo and Macedonia) was the only municipality still contaminated with landmines. Cluster munition contamination was confirmed or suspected in six municipalities for a total area of 2.8 square kilometers (1.8 square miles). Serbia also faces additional risks of illicit proliferation and unplanned detonation of the large stockpile of aging munitions it inherited from the former Yugoslav National Army. An accidental explosion in March 2017 at Tehnicki Remontni Zavod Kragujevac (TRZK) demilitarization and ammunition testing facility resulted in four fatalities and destroyed vital equipment and infrastructure.
From 2007 to 2017, the United States invested more than $20.5 million in CWD efforts in Serbia supporting SA/LW and munitions destruction programs and addressing mine and UXO contamination.
In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:
- ITF cleared and released 275,000 square meters (68 acres) at the Uški potok and Ravno Bu?je sites and continued clearance of high-priority sites utilizing national technical survey methods in the Bujanovac municipality.
- The NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA) conducted site surveys and completed the initial stages of a project to destroy excess stockpiles of outdated and at-risk conventional munitions at the TRZK facility.
- UNDP began PSSM upgrades and aimed to increase the Serbian capacity to safely store and secure SA/LW stockpiles near Avala.