2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Ukraine

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY04–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 1,940 2,000 6,000 34,067
DoD 303 108 656 1,244
USAID 1,031 920 1,048 2,999
COUNTRY TOTAL 3,274 3,028 7,704 38,310

Dollars in thousands

UKRAINE

Ukraine continues to address the legacy of the large quantities of excess and aging conventional arms and munitions that it inherited after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 2005, NSPA estimated Ukraine held as many as seven million SA/LW and stored as much as two million metric tons of ammunition in more than 80 depots. Much of these munitions are excess, aging, potentially unstable, and are no longer suitable for military use. They represent a significant security threat to the country and to the region as a whole. In 2017, two major explosions at the Kalynivka and Balakliya munitions depots resulted in mass evacuations and at least one casualty.

Date: 2018 Description: Ethan Rinks (second from right, top row) PM/WRA program manager for CWD in Europe, visits a HALO demining team in Ukraine funded by PM/WRA. © Photo courtesy of HALO

In addition, ongoing Russian aggression in eastern Ukraine, including through Russian military personnel arming, training, and fighting alongside Russian-led separatists, has resulted in a line of contact between the Ukrainian government and combined Russian-separatist forces. The line of contact running through the Donetsk and Luhansk regions is marked by extensive landmine and UXO contamination. These explosive hazards represent a major threat to combatants and civilians alike. The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor identified 785 mine/ERW causalities in 2016, an increase from 706 in 2015.

From 2004 to 2017, the United States provided more than $38.3 million for SA/LW and ammunition destruction, as well as clearance activities in Ukraine.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • The United States funded the destruction or demilitarization of 1,048 metric tons of munitions via the NATO PfPTF, with NSPA as our implementing partner. The United States is the lead nation for the NATO PfPTF, which has the objective of continuing to remove excess munitions to lower the risk of unplanned depot explosions and reduce the security threat they pose.
  • The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Project Coordinator Unit continued its role advising the government of Ukraine on establishing a national authority in humanitarian mine action. The OSCE also expanded Ukraine’s capacity for humanitarian demining with key stakeholders within the government.
  • HALO returned 391,859 square meters (96.8 acres) of land back to communities after the official beginning of clearance operations under U.S. funding on March 1. HALO also completed IMAS training with government stakeholders.

With funding from the Department of Defense, USEUCOM completed two EOD train-the-trainer events with the Ukrainian State Emergency Service and Ministry of Defense Forces.

USAID’s Leahy War Victims Fund supported UCP/Wheels for Humanity to provide training for rehabilitation service personnel and economic empowerment, assistive technology delivery, and medical and physical rehabilitation for people with disabilities.