2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Lebanon

Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

FUNDING FY15 FY16 FY17 FY98–17 TOTAL
DOS NADR - CWD 3,324 4,500 3,000 44,999
DOS Other 0 0 0 2,000
DoD 44 39 39 9,272
USAID 0 0 0 9,850
COUNTRY TOTAL 3,368 4,539 3,039 66,121

Dollars in thousands

LEBANON

Lebanon remains contaminated with mines and ERW from the 1975–1991 civil war, the Israel-Hezbollah conflict of 2006, and recent operations against ISIS and other extremist groups in northeast Lebanon. As of January 2017, approximately 52 million square meters (12,849 acres) of contaminated land remained according to the Lebanon Mine Action Center (LMAC). Since 1975, mines and ERW have killed more than 900 people and injured over 2,800. The threat of ERW, especially in southern Lebanon, continues to hamper development. The presence of ISIS and other terrorist organizations operating along Lebanon’s northeast border with Syria has resulted in new and complex ERW contamination in the form of IEDs and improvised munitions. The LMAC reviewed Lebanon’s national mine action standards in 2017 and made updates that will make clearance operations more efficient.

Date: 2018 Description: DCA deminers, funded by PM/WRA, use a large loop detector to conduct sub-surface clearance in Lebanon. © Photo courtesy of DCA

From 1998 to 2017, the United States invested more than $66.1 million in CWD for Lebanon.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:

  • DCA cleared more than 700 explosive hazards, returned over 233,000 square meters (58 acres) of previously contaminated land back to local communities, provided risk education to over 800 Lebanese men, women, and children affected by ERW and continued to build the capacity of the national nongovernmental organization LAMiNDA.
  • HI cleared more than 150 mines and other explosive hazards and returned over 179,000 square meters (44 acres) of previously contaminated land to local communities in North Lebanon.
  • MAG cleared over 480 mines and other explosive hazards, returned more than 108,000 square meters (27 acres) of previously contaminated land to local communities for economic development, and provided risk education to 950 men, women, and children in southern and central Lebanon.
  • NPA cleared over 175 explosive hazards and returned more than 91,000 square meters (22 acres) of previously contaminated land to local communities in South Lebanon.
  • MLI continued to develop the LMAC’s capacity to use mine detection dogs and also provided prosthetics and vocational training to Lebanese civilians injured by mines and ERW.

With funding from the Department of Defense, HD R&D, in partnership with MAG, continued to evaluate several soil excavation, sifting, and grinding attachments on their own armored excavators. In addition, the Terrapin small excavator is speeding manual clearance by cutting and removing thick vegetation and excavating rocky areas to expose UXO. Since 2017, HD R&D technologies have been used in the clearance of 6,350 mines and ERW from 150,000 square meters (37 acres) of land.