2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: West Bank
|DOS NADR - CWD||1,000||1,000||1,000||6,088|
Dollars in thousands
Landmines and UXO contaminate the West Bank after decades of conflict beginning in 1948. The exact amount of contamination is unknown, but a 2012 survey of the West Bank identified 90 minefields. The Jordanian military laid 13 of these fields from 1948 to 1967, and the Israeli military laid 77 more following the 1967 war. Subsequently, Israel Defense Forces (IDF) conducted training exercises in parts of the West Bank resulting in additional UXO contamination, often discovered by the local population while herding and farming. Following years of negotiations, clearance activities started in April 2014. This milestone marked the beginning of the first humanitarian mine action program to clear mines and UXO in the West Bank in nearly 50 years, continuing through 2017.
From 2011 to 2017, the United States invested more than $6.1 million in CWD funding for survey and clearance operations in the West Bank.
In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:
- HALO completed clearance at five mutually agreed upon minefields and worked on three additional sites in 2017 with a combination of demining and mechanical teams. HALO continued close cooperation with the Israeli National Mine Action Authority, the IDF, and the Palestinian Mine Action Center to approve more minefields for clearance.
- ITF conducted quality assurance and quality control on the minefields being cleared by HALO in the West Bank.
With funding from the U.S. Department of Defense, HD R&D, in partnership with HALO, evaluated an aerial survey system and a Target Reacquisition and Positioning System—a low-cost differential global positioning system—to accurately map humanitarian demining tasks.