2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Tajikistan
|DOS NADR - CWD||2,275||1,975||1,500||16,533|
Dollars in thousands
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan inherited an enormous stockpile of aging conventional ammunition, including large-caliber ordnance and other explosives. Due to its porous borders with Afghanistan, large quantities of poorly secured SA/LW and ammunition present a real threat to national and regional security. Tajikistan also has extensive landmine contamination along its southern, western, and northern borders that stems from Soviet attempts to prevent border crossings by Afghan militants and narcotics traffickers. During a five-year civil war (1992–1997), Tajikistan’s Central Rasht Valley region was heavily contaminated with landmines and UXO that continue to impede socioeconomic development of this fertile region. Explosive hazards limit access to valuable agricultural land and adversely impact farming, wood-gathering, grazing, and other rural activities.
From 2005 to 2017, the United States invested more than $21.7 million in Tajikistan to support mine and UXO clearance operations, destruction of excess and aging munitions, PSSM of SA/LW, survivor assistance, and national capacity building of the Tajikistan National Mine Action Center (TNMAC).
In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partners:
- FSD continued non-technical survey and clearance of UXO through the deployment of a weapons and ammunition disposal team. FSD also trained, equipped, and deployed two mobile humanitarian demining teams to conduct non-technical survey and clearance of mines and UXO along the Tajik-Afghan border.
- NPA continued deployment of one multi-purpose male demining team and the only multi-purpose female demining team in Central Asia along the southern Tajik-Afghan border.
- OSCE funded and supported the deployment of two national humanitarian demining units. It also continued Phase II of the Integrated Cooperation on Explosive Hazards program with an emphasis on sharing regional lessons learned, building a regional center of excellence for explosive hazards mitigation training, and establishing a regional response capability to mitigate and counter explosive hazards.
- TNMAC continued to develop the capacity of its mine action program with emphasis on information analysis, strategic planning, demining training, project development, and program management.
- UNDP supported national ownership and development of capacity and operational management skills within TNMAC with an emphasis on nationalizing the program.
- Polus conducted a survivor assistance survey and supported design and fitting of orthopedic prostheses, counseling of survivors, and strategic planning and policy development.
With funding from the Department of Defense, USARCENT continued to partner with the Department of State, OSCE, and the Office of Military Cooperation through FY18 to achieve a fully functional and self-sustaining humanitarian mine action training center in Tajikistan. In 2017, USARCENT conducted three separate training events in Dushanbe with 44 participants from five different countries (Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan). During these three training events, U.S. military EOD personnel and previous graduates from the 2016 classes, mentored and trained participants. Instructors taught EOD Level I, II, and III courses in accordance with the IMAS, and provided inert ordnance, inert demolition material, course program of instruction, and classroom automation to enhance the training environment. The OSCE, together with the Tajikistan Ministry of Defense, began building the new regional training center. Once operational, USARCENT will transition to an advise and assist role, and consider establishing a partnership between the U.S. Army EOD Directorate and the Tajikistan Explosive Hazards Training Center.
USAID’s Leahy War Victims Fund continued to support the World Health Organization to improve access to quality rehabilitation care and assistive devices.