2018 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Montenegro

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

DOS NADR - CWD 0 1,750 0 9,199
DoD 428 562 30 1,747
COUNTRY TOTAL 428 2,312 30 10,946

Dollars in thousands


Montenegro’s UXO contamination stems from the conflicts during the breakup of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. NATO air strikes in Montenegro between March and June 1999 dropped cluster bombs, which scattered approximately 4,000 submunitions, some of which failed to explode. Currently 1.7 million square meters (420 acres) of land contains cluster munition remnants.

From 2007 to 2017, the United States invested more than $10.9 million in CWD efforts in Montenegro to support SA/LW and PSSM activities in addition to mine and UXO contamination destruction programs.

In 2017, the Department of State supported the following implementing partner (using FY16 funds):

  • ITF began a PSSM project to reduce national stocks of excess and obsolete arms and ammunition and improve conventional weapons and ammunition PSSM.

With funding from the Department of Defense, USEUCOM deployed a humanitarian demining training expert to provide mentorship and oversight to the Montenegrin Navy Hydrographic Institute to assist in training new navy personnel on the Humanitarian Underwater Explosive Detection System. They also provided a new platform the navy can use to conduct future underwater scanning operations.