What Constitutes a Violation of End-Use Assurances?

Ask:

Does title remain with an officer, employee, or agent of the government?

Does an officer, employee, or agent of the government retain possession and control of the articles or related training or technology associated with them?

Is the government providing substantially the same degree of security afforded to such articles or related training or services by the U.S. Government?

Is the article, training, or service being used solely for internal security, legitimate self-defense, to participate in regional or collective measures consistent with the UN Charter [1] or, in less developed countries, for civic action activities?

Answer: YES

No Violation

No Violation

No Violation

No Violation

Answer: NO

Probable
Violation

Probable
Violation

Probable
Violation

Probable
Violation


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[1] Use of an article, training, or service would be consistent with the UN Charter if it:

  • Assists the United Nations.
  • Involves activities consistent with maintaining international peace and security.
  • Is not used in a way that would involve the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state.
  • Is not used to give assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.