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Tennant Energy LLC, a California limited liability corporation, filed a claim against the Government of Canada in connection with certain renewable energy initiatives undertaken by Ontario.  The claimant alleges that Canada has violated Article 1105 (Minimum Standard of Treatment).

For further information and documents concerning this claim, view the Permanent Court of Arbitration’s site  and Global Affairs Canada .

11/27/2019: U.S. Article 1128 Submission [142 KB]

01/15/2020: U.S. Article 1128 Oral Submission [112 KB] (Accessible Version [372 KB])

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future