An official website of the United States Government Here's how you know

Official websites use .gov

A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS

A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Memorandum of Consultations

  1. In Aqaba, Jordan, on December 2-3, 2019, delegations representing the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Belarus met to review various aspects of the commercial air relations between the two countries.  Discussions were held in a friendly and constructive atmosphere, and a list of the two delegations is attached (Attachment A).
  2. The delegations reached agreement, ad referendum, on the text of an Air Transport Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Belarus (the “Agreement”), and the heads of delegation initialled the text (Attachment B).  The Agreement modernizes the air transport relationship between the United States and Belarus.
  3. The delegation of Belarus expressed interest in an agreement with the United States on avoidance of double taxation, including with respect to income from the international operation of aircraft. The representatives of the United States noted that the U.S. Department of the Treasury is responsible for such agreements and expressed their intent to promptly bring Belarus’s interest to the attention of the responsible officials.
  4. The delegations discussed their respective legal and regulatory frameworks governing code-sharing arrangements and confirmed that their respective aeronautical authorities require air carriers, when selling air transportation, to clearly disclose both the marketing and operating carriers to consumers.
  5. The delegation of Belarus inquired about the operational flexibility provisions in Section 2 of Annex 1.  The delegation of Belarus also inquired about the necessity of inclusion of charter air transportation in Annex II, given that Belarus has not generally included charters in its other air transport agreements.  The United States provided the explanation that these provisions are standard in U.S. Open Skies agreements and are fundamental elements of U.S. Open Skies policy.
  6. The delegations expressed their intention to use the initialled text as the basis to undertake any domestic procedures necessary to sign and bring the Agreement into force at the earliest possible date.  The delegations further expressed the intent of their respective aeronautical authorities to permit operations consistent with the terms of the Agreement on the basis of comity and reciprocity from the date of signature of this Memorandum of Consultations until such time as the Agreement enters into force.
For the Delegation of the United States: For the Delegation of Belarus:
Date: Date:


Attachment A

Aaron P. Forsberg (head of delegation) Director,
Office of Transportation Affairs,
U.S. Department of State
Benjamin Taylor Assistant Director,
Office of International Aviation,
U.S. Department of Transportation
Eugene Alford International Transportation Specialist,
International Trade Administration,
U.S. Department of Commerce
Paul I. Fishbein International Aviation Officer,
Office of Aviation Negotiations,
U.S. Department of State
Jesse Tampio Attorney-Adviser,
Office of the Legal Adviser,
U.S. Department of State
Tricia R. Kubrin Air Services Negotiator,
Office of International Aviation,
U.S. Department of Transportation
Benjamin Shipe Attorney,
Office of the Assistant General Counsel for International Law
U.S. Department of Transportation
Irina Morozova Deputy Director,
Department of Aviation,
Ministry of Transport and Communications
Vladimir Shibitski Head of International Cooperation and Air Services Regulation,
Department of Aviation
Victor Gloushouk International Cooperation Officer,
Department of Aviation

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future