The United States has invested more than $37.5 million in conventional weapons destruction (CWD) activities in Yemen since 1993 and is currently the largest donor to the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) demining initiative in Yemen. The United States significantly increased CWD assistance to Yemen in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 to address unprecedented levels of explosive contamination from the ongoing conflict, including Houthi manufactured and emplaced landmines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) estimated to number over one million. The Department of State’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs’ Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA) provided more than $16.5 million from FY 2015 to FY 2018 to UNDP and other partners to advance CWD goals in Yemen. This support allowed our partners to clear dangerous explosive hazards, build Yemeni national demining capacity, destroy stockpiles of abandoned munitions, provide mine risk education to vulnerable populations, and deliver medical care and vocational training for mine survivors. These activities enabled delivery of humanitarian assistance, restoration of damaged critical infrastructure, enhanced human security, prevented explosive harvesting by malign actors, and promoted a safe environment for the resumption of economic activity. Through U.S. support from FY 2015 to FY 2018, our partners accomplished the following:
- Deployed 60 survey and clearance teams across Yemen responsible for clearing over 374,000 explosive hazards and over 25 million square meters, enabling the delivery of life saving humanitarian aid;
- Surveyed over seven million square meters of contaminated land including critical infrastructure sites to determine explosive hazard contamination levels and inform international stabilization planning;
- Provided training to 26 Yemeni deminers to build national capacity and address complex devices emplaced by Houthis;
- Provided prosthetics and vocational training to 195 Yemeni men, women and children allowing survivors of landmines and other explosives to maintain their independence and provide for themselves and their families;
- Provided risk education to more than 950,000 Yemeni men, women, and children, teaching them about potential dangers from explosive remnants of war (ERW) in their communities and encouraging safe behavior.
The United States is the world’s single largest financial supporter of efforts to clear ERW. Since 1993, the United States has contributed more than $3.4 billion to more than 100 countries around the world to reduce the harmful worldwide effects of at-risk, illicitly proliferated, and indiscriminately used conventional weapons of war. For more information on U.S. humanitarian demining and CWD programs, see the latest edition of our annual report, To Walk the Earth in Safety.
For further information, please contact the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at PM-CPA@state.gov, and follow the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs on Twitter, @StateDeptPM.