More information about Algeria is available on the Algeria Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
Algeria is a strategically located country with which the United States engages on diplomatic, law enforcement, economic, and security matters. Ties stretch back to the 1795 Treaty of Peace and Amity, and in the modern era diplomatic relations date from 1962, when Algeria became independent from France. The United States and Algeria conduct frequent civilian and military exchanges. The two countries participated in the fifth U.S.-Algeria Strategic Dialogue in March 2022. They also held a Joint Military Dialogue that same month.
U.S. Assistance to Algeria
U.S. engagement in Algeria has three primary objectives: expanding our security and military cooperation, growing economic and commercial links, and building educational and cultural ties between Algerians and Americans.
Exchanges of expertise play a valuable role in strengthening the U.S.-Algeria law enforcement and security relationship at both the senior and working levels. Programming from the State Department’s Bureaus of Counterterrorism (CT) and International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN) enables us to work with Algerian law enforcement and security agencies to interdict and investigate a wide variety of
crimes and terrorist activities in strategic areas of capability like advanced investigative and prosecutorial techniques and border security.
Our Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) has supported the work of Algeria’s civil society through programming that provides training to journalists, businesspeople, female entrepreneurs and parliamentarians, legal professionals, and the heads of leading non-governmental organizations.
There are close to 5,000 alumni of U.S. government exchange programs throughout Algeria. Our programs support youth entrepreneurship and English language learning and teaching, women’s empowerment, media engagement, and cross-cultural dialogue. In 2019, Algeria and the United States signed a Memorandum of Understanding aimed at protecting and preserving Algeria’s cultural heritage.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States is one of Algeria’s top trading partners, and Algeria is one of the top U.S. trading partners in the Middle East/North African region. According to the World Bank, the United States was the top source of stock Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into Algeria as of 2020, providing 28 percent or $6.2 billion of total FDI. Most U.S. FDI in Algeria has been in the hydrocarbons sector. The two countries have signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) that provides a platform to address impediments in the economic relationship and identify paths to broader commercial interaction. The two countries held TIFA talks in June 2022. The United States supports Algeria’s desire to diversify its economy, encourage a transition to renewable energy, move toward transparent economic policies, and liberalize its investment climate.
Algeria’s Membership in International Organizations
Algeria and the United States belong to several of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank. Algeria is an active member of the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) and serves as the co-chair of the organization’s West Africa Working Group.
Algeria is also a Partner for Cooperation with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, an observer to the Organization of American States, and an observer to the World Trade Organization. It also occasionally provides airlift and other logistical support to UN and AU peacekeeping operations.
Principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Algeria maintains an embassy in the United States at 2118 Kalorama Rd NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 1-202-265-2800).
More information about Algeria is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: