More information about Algeria is available on the Algeria Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States and Algeria established diplomatic relations in 1962 following Algeria’s independence from France. Algeria severed relations with the United States in 1967 in the wake of the Arab-Israeli War, but reestablished relations in 1974.
Algeria is a strategically located and capable partner with which the United States has strong diplomatic, law enforcement, economic, and security cooperation. The United States and Algeria conduct frequent civilian and military exchanges. Secretary of State Michael R. Pomepo opened the third iteration of the U.S.-Algeria Strategic Dialogue with former Foreign Minister Abdelkader Messahel in January 2019.
Algeria plays a constructive role in promoting regional stability, particularly in Libya and Mali.
U.S. Assistance to Algeria
U.S. engagement in Algeria has three primary objectives: expanding our security and military partnership, growing economic and commercial links, and building educational and cultural ties between Algerians and Americans.
Exchanges of expertise play a valuable role in strengthening the U.S.-Algeria law enforcement and security partnership at both the senior and working levels. These relationships have never been stronger as a result of a recently concluded Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty. Programming from the State Department’s Bureau of Counterterrorism (CT) enables us to partner with Algerian law enforcement and security agencies to help interdict and investigate a wide variety of crimes and terrorist activities by focusing on three strategic areas of capability: forensics, criminal investigations, and border security.
Our Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) has supported the work of Algeria’s civil society through programming that provides training to journalists, businesspeople, female entrepreneurs and parliamentarians, legal professionals, and the heads of leading non-governmental organizations.
There are close to 5,000 alumni of U.S. government exchange programs throughout Algeria. Our programs support youth entrepreneurship and English language learning and teaching, women’s empowerment, media engagement, and cross-cultural dialogue. In 2019, Algeria and the United States signed a Memorandum of Understanding aimed at protecting and preserving Algeria’s cultural heritage.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States is one of Algeria’s top trading partners, and Algeria is one of the top U.S. trading partners in the Middle East/North African region. Most U.S. direct investment in Algeria has been in the hydrocarbon sector. The two countries have signed a trade and investment framework agreement that provides a platform to address impediments in the economic relationship and identify paths to broader commercial interaction. The United States supports Algeria’s desire to diversify its economy, move toward transparent economic policies, and liberalize its investment climate.
In April 2018, the United States and Algeria signed a ten-year extension to their Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation.
Algeria’s Membership in International Organizations
Algeria and the United States belong to several of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. Algeria is an active member of the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) and serves as the co-chair of the organization’s West Africa Working Group. Algeria is also a Partner for Cooperation with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, an observer to the Organization of American States, and an observer to the World Trade Organization. It also occasionally provides airlift and other logistical support to UN and AU peacekeeping operations.
The U.S. Ambassador to Algeria is John P. Desrocher; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Algeria maintains an embassy in the United States at 2118 Kalorama Rd NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 1-202-265-2800).
More information about Algeria is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Algeria Page
History of U.S. Relations With Algeria
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies