More information about Angola is available on the Angola Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Angola in 1993, which had become independent from Portugal in 1975. Post-independence, Angola saw 27 years of civil war among groups backed at various times by countries that included the United States, the Soviet Union, Cuba, China, and South Africa. Angola has had three presidents since independence. The first president came to power in 1975; upon his 1979 death, the second president assumed power. Multiparty elections were held in 1992 under a process supervised by the United Nations, but the results were disputed and civil war continued until the 2002 death of one holdout guerilla leader. A new constitution was adopted in 2010 and elections were held in 2012. The third president, Joao Lourenco, was elected in 2017.
Angola has a strong and capable military. Although the country is sub-Saharan Africa’s second-largest oil producer and has great agricultural potential, two-thirds of the population, live in poverty. U.S. foreign policy goals in Angola are to promote and strengthen Angola’s democratic institutions, promote economic prosperity, improve health, and consolidate peace and security, including maritime security. The United States has worked with Angola to remove thousands of landmines, promote environmental conservation, and help war refugees and internally displaced people return to their homes.
U.S. Assistance to Angola
U.S. assistance seeks to focus on preventing major infectious diseases, strengthening health systems and building capacity within nongovernmental organizations working in health advocacy and health service delivery. U.S. assistance through the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program finances professional military education opportunities at United States military education institutions and military training teams that deploy to Angola strengthen Angolan medical readiness and maritime security and develop English language capability. In addition, the United States provides technical assistance to Angola’s financial sector and works to build the tourism sector through support on environmental conservation and demining.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Angola is the third-largest trading partner of the United States in sub-Saharan Africa, mainly because of its petroleum exports. U.S. exports to Angola include machinery, aircraft, poultry, and iron and steel products. Angola is a partner country with Power Africa. Angola is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. The United States and Angola have signed a trade and investment framework agreement, which seeks to promote greater trade and investment between the two countries.
Angola’s Membership in International Organizations
Angola and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Angola also is an observer to the Organization of American States.
The U.S. Ambassador to Angola is Nina Fite. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
More information about Angola is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: