More information about Bolivia is available on the Bolivia Country Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Bolivia in 1849 following its independence from Spain. In recent years, the Bolivian government’s decisions to expel the U.S. ambassador and U.S. law enforcement and development cooperation agencies have strained the bilateral relationship between the United States and Bolivia. Despite these challenges, the United States maintains a strong and respectful relationship with the Bolivian people, with whom we work together to advance entrepreneurship, cultural, and educational initiatives. Bolivia is the third largest producer of cocaine in the world, and its government permits the licit cultivation of significant quantities of coca for cultural use. According to Bolivia’s current president, Evo Morales, Bolivia’s international obligation to control illegal narcotics is an issue in the bilateral relationship.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States is one of Bolivia’s top trade partners. U.S. exports to Bolivia include machinery, aircraft, vehicles, and optical and medical instruments. U.S. imports from Bolivia include tin, precious stones, ores, cereals, and fruits and nuts. Bolivia is generally open to foreign direct investment. An investment promotion law adopted in 2014 guarantees equal treatment for national and foreign firms, but stipulates that public investment has priority over private investment (both national and foreign) and that the Bolivian government will determine which sectors require private investment. The government has nationalized numerous companies previously privatized in the 1990s. As of June 2012, the Bolivian government terminated the U.S.-Bolivia bilateral investment treaty that entered into force in 2001; however, the treaty will continue to apply for another 10 years to cover investments existing at the time of termination. Economic growth has been positive throughout the last decade, but Bolivia remains one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Bolivia’s Membership in International Organizations
Bolivia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Bolivia maintains an embassy in the United States at 3014 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-483-4410).
More information about Bolivia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Bolivia Page
USAID Bolivia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Bolivia
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Library of Congress Country Studies