More information about Botswana is available on the Botswana Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States considers Botswana an excellent partner and an advocate of and model for stability in Africa. In its 52 years since independence, Botswana has consistently maintained a democratic government, responsibly managed its natural resources, and invested in its people and infrastructure. The bilateral relationship is strong and grounded in a shared commitment to democracy, good governance, and human rights. The United States and Botswana also share an interest in ensuring Botswana’s continued success by deepening economic diversification and promoting regional economic growth and development. Top priorities for U.S. involvement in Botswana include: our shared commitment to combating HIV and AIDS; the promotion of human rights and liberties for all inhabitants; the country’s economic diversification; cooperation with the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) – one of the most professional militaries on the continent; and support for Botswana’s conservation strategy, particularly its efforts to combat wildlife trafficking.
U.S. Assistance to Botswana
The United States has been a major partner in Botswana’s development since its independence from the United Kingdom in 1966. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has a long history in Botswana dating back to the 1980s. USAID currently works to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic, ensure sustainable management of natural resources, and encourage trade and investment. The U.S. International Board of Broadcasters operates a major Voice of America relay station in Botswana serving most of the African continent.
Since 2004, Botswana has received over $750 million in support from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) which promotes sustainable, high-quality, cost-effective HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and care interventions. In 2017, PEPFAR provided approximately $36 million in programs and commodity support to Botswana. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has worked in Botswana since 1995 to strengthen tuberculosis (TB) control through public health research; in 2001 the partnership expanded to include HIV/AIDS programs as an implementing agency of PEPFAR. CDC, USAID, the Department of Defense, and Peace Corps support a comprehensive HIV/AIDs program linking communities to health facilities to reduce new infections and put HIV positive people on life saving treatment in order to achieve epidemic control. Together, the United States and Botswana are leading the way in community-based and cutting edge approaches to addressing the epidemic. This includes the four-year, $78.4million partnership between the Botswana Ministry of Health, CDC, and the Harvard School of Public Health to determine whether coordinated and strengthened community-based HIV prevention methods stop the spread of the virus better than the standard methods offered individually today.
The International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) is jointly financed, operated and staffed by the Governments of Botswana and the United States. ILEA provides training to law enforcement and criminal justice government officials from across the sub-Saharan region. More than 8,300 Partner Nation personnel from 34 member states have received training at the ILEA since its inception in 2001.
U.S. assistance seeks to expand connections with Botswana’s military leaders through various military education and training programs. Programs support Botswana’s interest in strengthening both domestic and regional civil-military and military-to-military relations, while improving the country’s capacity to participate meaningfully in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations, including within the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and throughout Africa. The United States sponsors BDF officers and noncommissioned officers attending courses at U.S. professional military education institutions and participating in tailored professional development courses. These courses reinforce democratic principles by teaching the role of the military in a democracy, the centrality of human rights, and the rule of law. Botswana partners with North Carolina in the National Guard State Partnership Program.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Botswana is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. The country belongs to the Southern African Customs Union, which has signed a Trade, Investment, and Development Cooperative Agreement (TIDCA) with the United States. The TIDCA establishes a forum for consultative discussions, cooperative work, and possible agreements on a wide range of trade issues, with a special focus on customs and trade facilitation, technical barriers to trade, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, and trade and investment promotion.
Botswana’s Membership in International Organizations
Botswana is a member of the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, SADC, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
The current U.S. Ambassador to Botswana is Earl R. Miller; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List. Ambassador Miller is concurrently accredited to the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which is headquartered in Gaborone.
Botswana maintains an embassy in the United States at 1531-1533 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20036 (tel. 202-244-4990).
More information about Botswana is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Botswana Page
USAID Botswana Page
History of U.S. Relations With Botswana
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page