More information about Brazil is available on the Brazil Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States and Brazil enjoy robust political and economic relations. The United States was the first country to recognize Brazil’s independence in 1822. As the two largest democracies and economies in the Western Hemisphere, the United States and Brazil have a partnership that is rooted in a shared commitment to expand economic growth and prosperity; promote international peace, security, and respect for human rights; and strengthen defense and security cooperation.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo traveled to Brasilia for President Jair Bolsonaro’s inauguration in January 2019, and Assistant Secretary of State Kimberly Breier visited Brazil in February 2019. President Bolsonaro visited Washington and met with President Trump in March 2019 and Vice President Hamilton Mourao visited in April 2019 and met with Vice President Mike Pence. These visits reflect the commitment of both countries to advance our shared goals through high-level engagement.
The United States and Brazil have a long history of deepening people-to-people ties through exchanges in education, energy, health, agriculture, science and technology, and innovation. Education cooperation continues to thrive with numerous initiatives for youth, educators, and professionals. For example, the bi-national Fulbright Commission, established in 1957, has supported study and research exchanges for thousands of scholars between the two countries. Education USA helps Brazilian university students access information and opportunities for study in the United States at its 34 centers throughout the country. The government of Brazil continues to invest in Post-initiated exchange programs such as the Professional Development of Public School English Language Teachers (PDPI) in the United States, and a considerable expansion in Brazil of the English Teaching Assistant Program.
The two countries have extensive scientific exchanges at the individual researcher level, as well as bilateral collaborations with the U.S. Geological Survey, NASA, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The two nations collaborate in weather monitoring, meteorology and standards, environmental impact monitoring, and an extensive range of public health efforts. Brazil is also home to the U.S. National Institute of Health’s (NIH) largest research portfolio in Latin America.
The United States and Brazil are working together on key global, multilateral, and regional issues. Brazil’s national space agency, AEB, is a member of NASA’s GLOBE science program, with 119 Brazilian schools participating in projects such as the GLOBE Mosquito Habitat Mapper (MHM) app that connects to the GLOBE database to help track mosquitoes that spread Zika and other diseases.
During President Bolsonaro’s March visit to Washington, the United States and Brazil signed the Technology Safeguards Agreement, which, upon entry into force once ratified by Brazil’s Congress, will enable U.S. companies to conduct commercial space launches from Brazil, and has the potential to open new commercial opportunities for American and Brazilians in a range of advanced technologies related to space, including satellites, , according to some estimates. The visit also led to an agreement between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Brazilian Space Agency to launch a jointly developed satellite in the near future.
The United States and Brazil are strengthening cooperation on defense issues, including research and development, technology security, and the acquisition and development of products and services. These agreements promote joint exercises and facilitate the sharing of sophisticated capabilities and technologies. In March 2019, President Trump announced the United States’ intent to designate Brazil as a Major Non-NATO Ally. Following the successful visits of President Jair Bolsonaro and Defense Minister Fernando Azevedo e Silva to Washington in March 2019, the third iteration of the U.S.-Brazil Defense Industry Dialogue took place in Rio de Janeiro in April 2019 to a capacity audience of 200 industry and government representatives. This ongoing, public-private dialogue has generated important policy deliverables such as the March 2019 signing of the Technology Safeguards Agreement and spurred numerous industry collaborations since its launch in 2016.
U.S.-Brazil Bilateral Economic Relations
Brazil is the world’s ninth-largest economy and the United States is Brazil’s second-largest trading partner. Two-way goods trade was $70.7 billion in 2018. The United States had a $8.3 billion goods trade surplus with Brazil in 2018. Brazil’s main imports from the United States are aircraft, machinery, petroleum products, electronics, and optical and medical instruments. The United States is Brazil’s second-largest export market. The primary products are crude oil, aircraft, iron and steel, and machinery. According to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, the United States had invested $68.34 billion in Brazil as of 2017.
The United States welcomed more than 1.9 million visitors from Brazil in 2017, comprising the eighth-largest group of visitors. There were approximately 475,000 U.S. visitors to Brazil in 2017, comprising the second-largest source of visitors to Brazil. During his March 2019 visit to Washington, President Bolsonaro announced Brazil’s intent to exempt U.S. citizens from tourist visa requirements for travel to Brazil. The United States and Brazil conduct regular exchanges on trade facilitation, regulatory good practices, and standards.
The United States and Brazil conduct regular exchanges on trade facilitation, regulatory good practices, and standards. The 16th plenary of the Commercial Dialogue occurred in August 2018, but regular exchanges at the work level continued throughout the year. A new phase of the U.S.-Brazil CEO Forum was announced in the Joint Statement from Presidents Trump and Bolsonaro following their March 19, 2019 meeting. The Presidents also agreed to establish a United States-Brazil Energy Forum to facilitate energy-related trade and investment.
U.S. Assistance to Brazil
The U.S. Agency for International Aid (USAID) partners with four Brazilian ministries and the private sector to improve biodiversity conservation in the Amazon, primarily through close bilateral cooperation on strengthening Brazil’s vast Protected Areas system, including indigenous territorial management. Through public-private partnerships, USAID supports projects focused on biodiversity conservation, science, and technology, as well as entrepreneurship and access to English language training for Brazilian youth, while increasing the impact of social investments made by U.S. companies in Brazil through their corporate social investment programs. In March 2019, the USAID and Brazil’s Ministry of Environment signed a Letter of Intent to establish the first-ever biodiversity-focused impact-investment fund for the Brazilian Amazon that will be financed largely by the private sector, and is intended to leverage $100 million in investments to spur successful businesses that align with forest and biodiversity conservation.
USAID and Brazil also work together to promote development in other countries, particularly in Africa and Latin America. USAID and Brazil have trilateral food security programs to increase agricultural productivity and address school nutrition in Honduras and Mozambique, and are teaming up to address the Fall Armyworm outbreak across Sub-Saharan Africa.
Brazil’s Membership in International Organizations
Brazil and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, Inter-American Development Bank, G-20, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Brazil traditionally has been a leader in the inter-American community, and is a member of the sub-regional MERCOSUR and UNASUR groups.
During President Bolsonaro’s March 2019 visit to Washington, President Trump stated his support for Brazil’s efforts to join the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Brazil maintains an embassy in the United States at 3006 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-238-2700).
More information about Brazil is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Brazil Page
USAID Brazil Page
HHS Office of Global Affairs Page
CDC Brazil Page
History of U.S. Relations With Brazil
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies