More information about China is available on the China country page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.  


Strategic competition is the frame through which the United States views its relationship with the People’s Republic of China (PRC).  The United States will address its relationship with the PRC from a position of strength in which we work closely with our allies and partners to defend our interests and values.  We will advance our economic interests, counter Beijing’s aggressive and coercive actions, sustain key military advantages and vital security partnershipsre-engage robustly in the UN system, and stand up to Beijing when PRC authorities are violating human rights and fundamental freedoms When it is in our interest, the United States will conduct results-oriented diplomacy with China on shared challenges such as climate change and global public health crises.  

U.S. Assistance to China 

Congressionally-mandated U.S. assistance programs in China focus on six principal areas: supporting efforts to protect and preserve Tibetan culture and promote sustainable livelihoods and market integration in Tibetan communities; building local capacity in targeted Tibetan communities to assess natural resource management issues and appropriately sustain natural resource-based livelihood options; advancing environmental standards and protections and market-based reforms supporting the environment; advancing the rule of law and human rights; addressing the threat of pandemic diseases; and addressing drug trafficking, which primarily focuses on fentanyl and methamphetamine, their analogues, and their precursor chemicals.  

Bilateral Economic Relations  

The economic dimension of U.S.-China competition is crucial.  The Biden-Harris administration is firmly committed to taking on the PRC’s abusive, unfair, and illegal practices.  U.S. economic policies begin with investing at home and protecting American workers and businesses.  The United States is firmly committed to maintaining its edge by investing in U.S. technology and scientific innovations without supporting the PRC’s malign activities.  We will work together with democratic allies globally to develop a common agenda to push back against the PRC’s abusive and coercive economic practices in the trade space, in the technology space, and in regards to human rights. 

China’s Membership in International Organizations 

The People’s Republic of China assumed the China seat at the United Nations in 1971, replacing Taiwan, and is a permanent member of the UN Security Council.  Over the years, China has become increasingly assertive in multilateral organizations, particularly in the United Nations and in various regional fora.  

Bilateral Representation 

Principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.  

The United States maintains an embassy in Beijing and four consulates in Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang, and Wuhan. 

The PRC’s embassy in the United States is at 3505 International Place, NW, Washington, DC 20008; Tel.: (202) 495-2266The PRC maintains consulates in New York, Chicago, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. 

More information about China is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: 

CIA World Factbook China Page 
U.S. Embassy 
USAID China Page 
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page 
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics International Offices Page 
Library of Congress Country Studies 
Travel Information

U.S. Department of State

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