More information about Cote d’Ivoire is available on the Cote d’Ivoire Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-COTE D’IVOIRE RELATIONS
The United States established diplomatic relations with Cote d’Ivoire (then called Ivory Coast) in 1960, following Cote d’Ivoire’s independence from France. A coup in 1999 ushered in several years of coup attempts, disputed elections, rebellions, and attempts at reunification. In 2011, a new president was formally inaugurated after a period of fighting brought on by the incumbent’s refusal to cede power following elections in 2010. In 2015, Cote d’Ivoire held very successful presidential elections and President Ouattara peacefully won reelection. President Ouattara introduced a new constitution in 2016, approved in a nationwide referendum.
In 2017, Cote d’Ivoire’s agriculture export-based economy was the second fastest growing economy in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cote d’Ivoire is a country with considerable potential politically and economically. With investments by the United States and other international partners, Cote d’Ivoire can act as a bulwark against religious extremism and support U.S. efforts to promote democratic institutions, regional stability, and counter the spread of terrorism.
U.S.-Ivoirian relations have traditionally been friendly and close. The United States participates in the international effort to assist Cote d’Ivoire in moving beyond its decade-long crisis. The U.S. Government’s overriding interests in Cote d’Ivoire have long been to help restore peace, encourage disarmament and reunification of the country, and support a democratic government whose legitimacy can be accepted by all the citizens of Cote d’Ivoire.
U.S. Assistance to Cote d’Ivoire
U.S. assistance to Cote d’Ivoire is focused on four priority areas. These are strengthening democracy and governance, expanding economic opportunities, advancing security sector reform, and improving health care systems and outcomes. The overall purpose of our programming is to create a peaceful and stable environment that will promote U.S. strategic and commercial interests and enable the Ivoirian people to prosper. U.S. assistance is designed to promote multi-ethnic participation in the democratic process; strengthen institutional capacity of national, provincial, and local governmental institutions, the media, and civil society leading to better governance and increased public confidence in the democratic process; support electoral and follow-on activities; promote respect for the rule of law and human rights; provide technical assistance regarding fiscal, budget, and tax policy; and address the HIV/AIDS epidemic through expanded access to prevention, care, and treatment services, as well as combat malaria. The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact with Cote d’Ivoire will support the country’s drive to diversify its economy through investments in the education and transportation sectors.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Cote d’Ivoire is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. Led by increasing Ivoirian demand for U.S. exports, total bilateral trade has hit a new record for two years in a row. U.S. exports to Cote d’Ivoire include plastics, machinery, mineral fuels, agricultural products, vehicles, iron and steel products, and pharmaceuticals. The United States imports from Cote d’ Ivoire include cocoa, oil, rubber, wood, and cashew nuts. U.S. firms have made investments in energy, agriculture, health, and information technology services. The United States has a trade and investment framework agreement with the West African Economic and Monetary Union, of which Cote d’Ivoire is a member. In 2017, the United States and Cote d’Ivoire signed a five-year $524.7 million MCC Compact to facilitate the transportation of goods and people into and out of Abidjan and improve technical and vocational education.
Cote d’Ivoire’s Membership in International Organizations
Cote d’Ivoire and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Cote d’Ivoire is serving a two-year term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2018-2019.
The position of U.S. Ambassador to Cote d’Ivoire is currently vacant; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Cote d’Ivoire maintains an embassy in the United States at 2424 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20007; tel: 202-797-0300.
More information about Cote d’Ivoire is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Cote d’Ivoire Page
USAID Cote d’Ivoire Page
History of U.S. Relations With Cote d’Ivoire
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics (see Ivory Coast)
Export.gov International Offices Page
Office of Foreign Assets Control Sanctions Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Cote d’Ivoire
Library of Congress Country Studies (see Ivory Coast)