More information about El Salvador is available on the El Salvador Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-EL SALVADOR RELATIONS
The United States established diplomatic relations with El Salvador in 1863 following its independence from Spain and the later dissolution of a federation of Central American states. Post independence, the country saw a mix of revolutions, democracy, and a 1980-1992 civil war. After the signing of peace accords in 1992, the Salvadorans have consolidated their democracy through an uninterrupted chain of elected governments. The United States and El Salvador share a strong commitment to democracy, rule of law, and inclusive economic development. The United States is also home to more than two million Salvadoran immigrants.
El Salvador is working to reduce the threats posed by transnational criminal organizations and gangs, but endemic crime, corruption, and impunity threaten its progress by undermining the legitimacy of state institutions and impeding economic growth.
U.S. Assistance to El Salvador
U.S. foreign assistance to El Salvador invests in citizen security, governance, and economic growth to discourage illegal immigration, improve government services, increase transparency, fight corruption, and support repatriation and reintegration efforts.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States and El Salvador are parties to the U.S.-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), which aims to facilitate trade and investment and enhance regional integration by eliminating tariffs, opening markets, reducing barriers to services, and promoting transparency. CAFTA-DR contains a chapter on investment with commitments similar to those found in investment treaties the United States typically negotiates on a bilateral basis. More than 200 U.S. companies have established either a permanent commercial presence in El Salvador or work through representative offices in the country. U.S. exports to El Salvador consist primarily of fuel products, aircraft, equipment, cereals (yellow corn, rice, and wheat), soybeans, and cotton. U.S. imports from El Salvador include apparel (77 percent) and agricultural products (coffee, tea, and sugars). Remittances from Salvadorans working in the United States make up 21 percent of El Salvador’s GDP. The United States has a trade surplus with El Salvador, with exports to El Salvador in 2018 exceeding imports by $907 million.
El Salvador’s Membership in International Organizations
El Salvador and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, World Trade Organization, and Community of Democracies.
Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
El Salvador maintains an embassy in the United States at 1400 16th Street NW, Washington, DC, 20036 (tel: 202-595-7500).
More information about El Salvador is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook El Salvador Page
USAID El Salvador Page
History of U.S. Relations With El Salvador
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation: El Salvador
Library of Congress Country Studies