More information about Equatorial Guinea is available on the Equatorial Guinea page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-EQUATORIAL GUINEA RELATIONS
The United States established diplomatic relations with Equatorial Guinea in 1968, following the country’s independence from Spain. Equatorial Guinea’s President has held office for more than three decades, and his party dominates the legislature. Three major U.S. foreign policy issues form the cornerstone of the bilateral relationship with Equatorial Guinea — good governance and democracy; the protection of human rights; and U.S. national security, especially access to energy resources. The United States seeks to encourage improved human rights, the development of a working civil society, greater fiscal transparency, and increased government investment in Equatorial Guinea’s people in areas such as health and education. The United States is helping Equatorial Guinea to enact an Action Plan to combat trafficking in persons.
U.S. Assistance to Equatorial Guinea
The U.S. Agency for International Development has several small regional projects, but does not have a presence within the country. Equatoguineans visit the U.S. under programs sponsored by the U.S. Government, U.S. oil companies, and educational institutions. U.S. companies have very active corporate social responsibility programing in education, health, and the environment, and support efforts to combat malaria and address maternal health.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Equatorial Guinea’s hydrocarbon riches dwarf all other economic activity; the country’s oil reserves are located mainly in the Gulf of Guinea. U.S. oil companies are one of Equatorial Guinea’s largest investors, and they have a lead role in oil and gas exploration and extraction. Equatorial Guinea’s exports to the U.S. are dominated by petroleum products. In an effort to attract increased U.S. investment, U.S. passport-holders are entitled to visa-free entry. Imports from the United States include machinery, iron and steel products, optic and medical instruments, and inorganic chemical and rare earth minerals. The United States is following closely Equatorial Guinea’s discussions with the IMF on a possible program aiming to reduce the fiscal deficit, increase non-oil revenue, address public financial management weaknesses (while protecting social spending), and improve governance and transparency in public administration and the hydrocarbon sector.
Equatorial Guinea’s Membership in International Organizations
Equatorial Guinea has used its oil wealth to expand its foreign presence, establishing diplomatic missions in other countries. Equatorial Guinea and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. The country also is an observer to the Organization of American States and World Trade Organization. Equatorial Guinea began a two-year term as a non-permanent member on the United Nations Security Council on January 1, 2018.
The U.S. Ambassador to Equatorial Guinea is Julie Furuta-Toy. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Equatorial Guinea maintains an embassy in the United States at 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009 (tel. 202-518-5700).
More information about Equatorial Guinea is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Equatorial Guinea Page
USAID Equatorial Guinea Page
History of U.S. Relations With Equatorial Guinea
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Library of Congress Country Studies