More information about Equatorial Guinea is available on the Equatorial Guinea page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-EQUATORIAL GUINEA RELATIONS
The United States established diplomatic relations with Equatorial Guinea in 1968, following the country’s independence from Spain. Equatorial Guinea’s President has held office for more than three decades, and his party dominates the legislature. Three major U.S. foreign policy issues form the cornerstone of the bilateral relationship with Equatorial Guinea — good governance and democracy; the protection of human rights, including combatting trafficking in persons; and U.S. national security, especially access to energy resources and maritime energy security. The United States seeks to encourage improved human rights, the development of a working civil society, greater fiscal transparency, and increased government investment in Equatorial Guinea’s people in areas such as health and education. The United States is helping Equatorial Guinea to enact an Action Plan to combat trafficking in persons.
U.S. Assistance to Equatorial Guinea
Equatoguineans visit the United States under programs sponsored by the U.S. Government, U.S. oil and gas companies, and U.S. educational institutions. The Embassy also sends five to ten Equatoguineans on short-term exchanges to the United States under programs such as the Mandela Washington Fellowship and the International Visitor Leadership Program each year. U.S. companies have very active corporate social responsibility programming in education, health, and the environment, and support efforts to combat malaria and address maternal health. Every year the U.S. Embassy provides small grants to support efforts to promote greater respect for human rights and democracy, education, and entrepreneurship. U.S. universities conduct environmental research and conservation programs, in collaboration with the local government and other partners.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Equatorial Guinea’s hydrocarbon riches dwarf all other economic activity; the country’s oil reserves are located mainly in the Gulf of Guinea. U.S. oil companies are the largest investors in Equatorial Guinea, and they have a lead role in oil and gas exploration and extraction. Equatorial Guinea’s exports to the United States are dominated by petroleum products and organic chemicals. In an effort to attract increased U.S. investment and facilitate work in the hydrocarbon sector, U.S. passport-holders are entitled to visa-free entry to Equatorial Guinea. Imports from the United States include machinery, iron and steel products, vehicle, meat, and optic and medical instruments. The United States is following closely Equatorial Guinea’s engagement with the IMF on a program aiming to reduce the fiscal deficit, increase non-oil revenue, address public financial management weaknesses (while protecting social spending), and improve governance and transparency in public administration and the hydrocarbon sector.
Equatorial Guinea’s Membership in International Organizations
Equatorial Guinea has used its oil wealth to expand its foreign presence, establishing diplomatic missions in other countries. Equatorial Guinea and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, the International Civil Aviation Organization, International Maritime Organization, and the Universal Postal Union. The country also is an observer to the Organization of American States and World Trade Organization. Equatorial Guinea began a two-year term as a non-permanent member on the United Nations Security Council on January 1, 2018 that concluded on December 31, 2019. Equatorial Guinea is a member of both the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF).
Principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Equatorial Guinea maintains an embassy in the United States at 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009 (tel. 202-518-5700). Equatorial Guinea’s Ambassador is Miguel Ntutumu Evuna Andeme.