More information about Guatemala is available on the Guatemala Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Guatemala in 1849 following its independence from Spain and the later dissolution of a federation of Central American states.
Beginning in 1960, leftist rebel forces carried out an armed insurrection against the Guatemalan government. Peace accords ending the 36-year internal conflict were signed in 1996.
U.S. policy objectives in Guatemala include:
- Protecting U.S. citizens and the Homeland, dismantling transnational criminal organizations and gangs, and increasing citizen security in Guatemala;
- Engaging Guatemalan government institutions to fight corruption, increasing openness and transparency, supporting rule of law, and strengthening the effectiveness of government institutions to improve Guatemalan confidence in government agencies;
- Reducing illegal migration and illicit trafficking of goods and people to the United States by boosting broad-based economic growth, addressing the economic drivers of migration, and engaging the government and the private sector to reduce poverty;
- Promoting an America First policy by improving goods and services export and investment opportunities for U.S. firms.
U.S. Assistance to Guatemala
The U.S. Strategy for Central America (Strategy) guides U.S. diplomatic efforts and foreign assistance in the region. The Strategy is a bipartisan, multi-year U.S. government plan covering all seven Central American countries (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama). The Strategy aims to secure U.S. borders and protect American citizens by addressing the security, governance, and economic drivers of illegal migration and transnational crime, while increasing opportunities for U.S. and other businesses.
Guatemala continues to face formidable challenges: weak governance, endemic corruption, pervasive poverty, food insecurity, severe violence, citizen insecurity, and inequitable access to economic opportunities and social services. These challenges drive illegal migration and contribute to the expansion of transnational criminal organizations (TCOs). U.S. efforts aim to protect American citizens by addressing the security, governance, and economic drivers of illegal migration and illicit trafficking of people and goods. In addition, the U.S. government seeks stronger democratic institutions, the rule of law, and economic development in Guatemala that will improve stability and enhance opportunities for U.S. firms.
The State Department and USAID are providing approximately $2.6 billion in foreign assistance to Central America for fiscal years 2015 to 2018. The Strategy supports and complements the Plan of the Alliance for Prosperity (A4P), a joint initiative adopted by the Northern Triangle Governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. From 2016 to 2018, the Northern Triangle governments committed $8.6 billion of their own funds to support A4P initiatives to develop opportunities for their people, improve public safety, enhance access to the legal system, and strengthen institutions.
U.S. efforts to support Guatemala’s A4P initiatives contribute to the Government of Guatemala taking greater responsibility for directly addressing the underlying causes of insecurity, illegal migration, illicit trafficking of people and goods, a weak business climate, and the threat of transnational criminal organizations.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States is one of Guatemala’s largest trading partners. The two countries are parties to the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), which aims to facilitate trade and investment, as well as further regional integration by eliminating tariffs, opening markets, reducing barriers to services, and promoting transparency. CAFTA-DR contains a chapter on investment similar to a bilateral investment treaty with the United States. U.S. exports to Guatemala include oil, agricultural products, articles donated for relief and low-value shipments, and machinery. U.S. imports from Guatemala include agricultural products, apparel, gold, and silver.
Guatemala’s Membership in International Organizations
Guatemala and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Guatemala maintains an embassy in the United States at 2220 R Street, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-745-4952).
More information about Guatemala is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Guatemala Page
USAID Guatemala Page
History of U.S. Relations With Guatemala
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Guatemala