More information about Jamaica is available on the Jamaica Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Jamaica in 1962 following Jamaica’s independence from the United Kingdom. The United States and Jamaica maintain strong and productive relations, based on trust and mutual interest. This close friendship is built on a foundation of people-to-people ties and a vibrant Jamaican-American community. The United States and Jamaica foster prosperity and stability for both countries within the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI). Jamaica was also one of the first countries to sign on to the Growth in the Americas Initiative, which aims to accelerate private sector-led economic growth in energy and infrastructure projects.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States is Jamaica’s most important trading partner. Under the Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act and other trade measures, more than 80 percent of Jamaican exports enter the U.S. market duty-free. The United States has provided significant support through the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) for, among other things, expanding and diversifying energy sources available on the island. The two countries have investment and double taxation treaties. More than 80 U.S. firms have offices in the country, and hundreds of other U.S. firms sell their products through local distributors. Almost two million American tourists visit Jamaica each year, and hundreds of thousands of Jamaicans visit the United States. The large Jamaican-American community sends over a billion dollars in remittances to Jamaica annually.
U.S. Assistance to Jamaica
The United States provides key assistance to Jamaica to help counter violent crime and transnational criminal activity. The partnership focuses on reducing corruption; increasing transparency and good governance; fostering Jamaican participation in regional security efforts; strengthening basic education; and increasing energy resiliency. Regional HIV/AIDS and economic programs complement U.S. assistance.
Jamaica’s Membership in International Organizations
Jamaica and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations (UN), Organization of American States (OAS), the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank (WB), and World Trade Organization (WTO).
Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department’s [418 KB].
More information about Jamaica is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
- Department of State Jamaica Page
- Caribbean Region Landing Page
- U.S Strategy for Engagement in the Caribbean
- [418 KB] (PDF)
- U.S. Embassy
- History of U.S. Relations With Jamaica
- Human Rights Reports
- International Religious Freedom Reports
- Trafficking in Persons Reports
- Narcotics Control Reports
- Investment Climate Statement
- Travel Information