More information about North Macedonia is available on the North Macedonia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-NORTH MACEDONIA RELATIONS
North Macedonia and the United States enjoy a cooperative relationship across a broad range of political, economic, cultural, military, and social issues. The two have had good bilateral relations since North Macedonia gained its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. The United States formally recognized North Macedonia in 1994, and the countries established full diplomatic relations in 1995. The United States strongly supports North Macedonia’s aspirations for full integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions and is committed to helping North Macedonia strengthen rule of law; improve education; promote media freedom; and build greater democratic foundations in a full, inclusive multi-ethnic society.
The United States and its European allies acted swiftly to mediate an end to the 2001 civil conflict in North Macedonia, which grew from ethnic tensions, and closely supported the government and major parties’ successful efforts to forge a peaceful, political solution to the crisis through the Ohrid Framework Agreement. In partnership with the European Union and other international organizations active in North Macedonia, the United States continues to facilitate the Government of North Macedonia’s implementation of the Framework Agreement to foster long-term peace and stability in the country.
For the text of the 2008 bilateral Declaration of Strategic Partnership and Cooperation, please see http://2001-2009.state.gov/p/eur/rls/or/104441.htm.
U.S. Assistance to North Macedonia
U.S. Government assistance to North Macedonia focuses on facilitating North Macedonia’s continued development on the path toward full integration into the Euro-Atlantic community and assisting the Government of North Macedonia’s efforts to sustain economic and democratic reforms to build stability and prosperity.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States supports North Macedonia’s transition to a market-oriented economy. North Macedonia has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 2003 and has negotiated free trade agreements with many of its neighbors. In 2018, total trade between North Macedonia and the United States was over $312 million, over 34% more than in 2017. U.S. electrical machinery and equipment have been particularly attractive to importers in North Macedonia. Principal exports to the United States are tobacco, apparel, iron, and steel.
North Macedonia’s Membership in International Organizations
North Macedonia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Adriatic Charter, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
North Macedonia is in the process of joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is an official candidate country for the European Union. The historic Prespa Agreement, signed with Greece in June 2018 and ratified by both countries in January 2019, resolved the name dispute between the parties and unblocked North Macedonia’s path to NATO and EU accession. North Macedonia joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in 1995 and commenced its Membership Action Plan in 1999. On February 6, 2019, NATO Allies signed North Macedonia’s NATO Accession Protocol. As of January 2020, only one member state has yet to ratify the Protocol. North Macedonia continues to make important contributions to regional stability, including by supporting the logistical supply of NATO (including U.S.) peacekeepers in Kosovo. North Macedonia also participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom and International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, and currently participates in Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, the EU Althea Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the UN’s observer mission in Lebanon.
North Macedonia has been an official candidate for accession to the European Union since 2005. At its October 2019 summit, the European Council deferred making a decision on opening accession negotiations with North Macedonia to May 2020.
The U.S. Ambassador to North Macedonia is Kate Marie Byrnes; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
North Macedonia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2129 Wyoming Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: (202) 667-0501).
More information about North Macedonia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Macedonia Page
USAID Macedonia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Macedonia
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies (see Yugoslavia (Former))