More information about North Macedonia is available on the North Macedonia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-NORTH MACEDONIA RELATIONS
North Macedonia and the United States enjoy a cooperative relationship across a broad range of political, economic, cultural, military, and social issues. The two have had good bilateral relations since North Macedonia gained its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. The United States formally recognized North Macedonia in 1994, and the countries established full diplomatic relations in 1995. The United States strongly supports North Macedonia’s aspirations for full integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions and is committed to helping North Macedonia embrace inclusive democracy and citizen-responsive governance, fight corruption and discrimination, strengthen rule of law, become a stronger NATO ally and partner, strengthen and diversify its economy; promote media freedom; and build greater democratic institutions in a full, inclusive multi-ethnic society.
The United States and its European allies acted swiftly to mediate an end to the 2001 civil conflict in North Macedonia, which grew from ethnic tensions, and closely supported the government and major parties’ successful efforts to forge a peaceful, political solution to the crisis through the Ohrid Framework Agreement. The signing of the Prespa Agreement with Greece in June 2018 to resolve the name dispute, and the previous Treaty on Good Neighborly relations with Bulgaria signed in August 2017, opened the door for North Macedonia to join NATO as the Alliance’s 30th ally and paved the way for the commencement of EU accession talks, which will hopefully start in 2020. This historic agreement also has the potential to bolster security, stability, and prosperity across the entire Western Balkans region.
U.S. Assistance to North Macedonia
U.S. Government assistance to North Macedonia focuses on facilitating North Macedonia’s continued development on the path toward full integration into the Euro-Atlantic community and assisting the Government of North Macedonia’s efforts to sustain economic and democratic reforms to build stability and prosperity.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States supports North Macedonia’s transition to a market-oriented economy. North Macedonia has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 2003 and has negotiated free trade agreements with many of its neighbors. In 2019, total trade between North Macedonia and the United States was $360 million, 15.4% more than in 2018. U.S. electrical machinery and equipment have been particularly attractive to importers in North Macedonia. Principal exports to the United States are tobacco, apparel, iron, and steel.
North Macedonia’s Membership in International Organizations
North Macedonia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Adriatic Charter, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, the World Trade Organization and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
North Macedonia is an official candidate country for the European Union. The historic Prespa Agreement, signed with Greece in June 2018 and ratified by both countries in January 2019, resolved the name dispute between the parties and unblocked North Macedonia’s path to NATO and EU accession. North Macedonia joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in 1995 and commenced its Membership Action Plan in 1999. On February 6, 2019, NATO Allies signed North Macedonia’s NATO Accession Protocol, and the Protocol was ratified on March 27, 2020. North Macedonia continues to make important contributions to regional stability, not only logistical support to NATO (including U.S.) peacekeepers in Kosovo but also as a troop-contributing nation. North Macedonia also participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom and International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan and currently participates in the Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, the EU Althea Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the UN’s observer mission in Lebanon.
The European Council endorsed the decision to open EU accession negotiations with North Macedonia on March 26, 2020.
Principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
North Macedonia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2129 Wyoming Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: (202) 667-0501).
More information about North Macedonia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: