More information about Niger is available on the Niger Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Niger in 1960, following its independence from France. U.S. relations with Niger since its independence have generally been close and friendly. In 2010, a military junta took power after overthrowing the former president, who had tried to extend his rule unconstitutionally. Niger has taken important steps to consolidate and advance democratic institutions. President Mahamadou Issoufou was inaugurated in 2011, which returned Niger to constitutional, civilian rule. Issoufou was re-elected in March 2016, and the next Presidential elections are scheduled for December, 2020. Security threats emanating from Libya, the Lake Chad Basin, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, and Mali have hampered the government’s efforts to improve Niger’s economy, strengthen governance, promote human rights, and protect fundamental freedoms. Niger is a critical actor in regional efforts to counter terrorism and promote stability as a key member of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) and the G-5 Sahel and peacekeeping contributor to missions in Mali and Central African Republic.
U.S. Assistance to Niger
U.S. foreign assistance to Niger plays a critical role in preserving stability in a country vulnerable to political volatility, terrorism and the spread of violent extremism, food insecurity, and regional instability. U.S. assistance seeks to continue to improve food security, build counterterrorism and peacekeeping capacity, sustain security sector reform, support productive agricultural enterprises, promote democracy and good governance, support prison and criminal justice sector reform, and strengthen security sector education and training. A $437 million Millennium Challenge Corporation compact, entered into force in January 2018, will strengthen Niger’s agricultural sector by improving water availability, roads, and market access. Niger is one of six countries participating in the Security Governance Initiative and has been identified as a Counterterrorism Partnership Fund partner nation.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world. Its largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa. U.S. exports to Niger include rice, vehicles, food-preparation goods, machinery, and fats and oils. Niger is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. The United States has a trade and investment framework agreement with the Economic Community of West Africa (ECOWAS), of which Niger is a member. Niger has signed a bilateral investment agreement with the United States.
Niger’s Membership in International Organizations
Niger and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
The U.S. Ambassador to Niger is Eric P. Whitaker; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Niger maintains an embassy in the United States at 2204 R Street, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-483-4224).
More information about Niger is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Niger Page
USAID Niger Page
History of U.S. Relations With Niger
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Niger
Library of Congress Country Studies