More information about Pakistan is available on the Pakistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Pakistan following the country’s independence in 1947. We have a multi-faceted relationship with Pakistan in areas ranging from counterterrorism to energy to trade and investment. Pakistani forces have made significant sacrifices in recent years to reclaim parts of the country previously held by militant groups. Pakistan also has taken some action against externally-focused militant groups and UN-designated terrorist organizations operating from its territory in accordance with its National Action Plan against terrorism and Prime Minister Imran’s Khan’s public commitments. In line with the South Asia strategy announced by the President in August 2017, the United States continues to urge Pakistan to take decisive and irreversible action against these groups. Pending this action, the United States suspended security assistance to Pakistan in January 2018. The United States has been one of the largest sources of foreign direct investment in Pakistan and is Pakistan’s largest export market. Trade relations between the United States and Pakistan continue to grow and the U.S. government supports this relationship by funding reverse trade delegations, business conferences, technical assistance, and business outreach.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Pakistan is the sixth largest country in the world by population and the 40th largest economy. The United States is Pakistan’s largest export destination country, while China is Pakistan’s largest import partner. Despite ongoing security and macroeconomic concerns, Pakistan remains an attractive market for U.S. companies due to favorable demographics, English language skills, low labor costs, and natural resources; however, there are real trade and investment barriers that limit the ability of U.S. companies to enter the market and grow their businesses in Pakistan. Overall U.S.-Pakistan trade in 2018 reached a record high of $6.6 billion, an increase of 4 percent from the previous year. U.S. exports to Pakistan increased 4 percent to reach an all-time high of $2.9 billion in 2018. While bilateral trade has remained strong in 2019, Pakistan will need to pursue economic reforms to promote future economic growth. Major U.S. investments are concentrated in fast-moving consumer goods, chemicals, energy, agriculture, out-sourcing, transportation, and communications.
U.S. Civilian Assistance to Pakistan
The primary focus of the U.S. civilian assistance program is to support Pakistan’s development into a secure, stable, prosperous and self-reliant country. Working across the U.S. government, as well as with international donors and development partners, U.S. assistance has focused on projects in economic growth, energy, resilience, education, law enforcement, democratic governance, people-to-people exchanges, and health.
The U.S. Chargé d’ Affaires a.i. to Pakistan is Paul W. Jones. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
Pakistan maintains an embassy in the United States at 3517 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-243-6500). It has consulates in Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, and Houston.
More information about Pakistan is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Pakistan Page
USAID Pakistan Page
History of U.S. Relations With Pakistan
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies