More information about Peru is available on the Peru Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Peru in 1827, six years after Peru’s independence from Spain. The United States and Peru enjoy a strategic partnership based on the shared values and interests of democracy, security, mutually beneficial trade, and human rights. The United States partners with Peru in support of Peru’s aspirations for regional and global leadership, and to continue the fight against transnational criminal organizations, promote economic opportunities for U.S. businesses, and strengthen citizen safety and security. Vice President Mike Pence attended the 2018 Summit of the Americas, which was hosted in Lima.
U.S. Assistance to Peru
The United States and Peru have a strong law enforcement and security relationship. In 2018, International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL) Lima celebrated 40 years of bilateral cooperation in the fight against narco-trafficking and organized crime, and collaboration toward the enhanced peace and security of our two nations. The United States provided $85 million in Foreign Assistance funds to Peru in Fiscal Year 2018. These funds support shared U.S. and Peruvian priorities, including countering narcotics production and trafficking, combatting transnational criminal organizations and environmental crimes, promoting effective governance and rule of law, and supporting continued defense cooperation. In recognition of these shared priorities, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and First Lady Melania Trump honored Peru’s National Coordinator for Environmental Prosecutors in March 2019 as one of ten recipients of the International Women of Courage award for her efforts to prosecute criminal organizations engaged in illegal mining and illegal logging.
Since 2006, the Department of Defense Southern Command, through its Humanitarian Assistance Program, has invested over $44 million in 277 projects in Peru including the construction of 15 Regional Emergency Operations Centers. At the request of the Peruvian government, the U.S. State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development have provided more than $13 million to support humanitarian assistance efforts in Peru in response to the continuing influx of Venezuelan refugees and migrants.
More than 4,000 Peace Corps volunteers have served in Peru since 1962 and continue to work with their communities on projects focused on the environment, community economic development, health, and youth development. The Fulbright Program in Peru plans and administers Fulbright Program educational exchanges. Through a network of eight binational centers, with a total of 35 branch offices countrywide, the United States provides opportunities for English instruction, educational exchange, and cultural outreach to almost one million Peruvians a year.
Since 2001, Peru has received through the Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation over $2 million toward 26 projects throughout Peru.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Economic and commercial ties have deepened with the 2009 entry into force of the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), a cornerstone of the bilateral relationship. The PTPA sets high standards for both countries on market access, investment safeguards, intellectual property rights, and environmental and labor rights protections. Two-way trade in goods between the United States and Peru has increased from $9.1 billion in 2009 to $17.5 billion in 2018, driving growth and employment in both countries. Two-way agricultural trade more than doubled since implementation of the PTPA, from $1.3 billion in 2009 to $3.9 billion in calendar year (CY) 2018. U.S. food and agricultural exports to Peru grew from $530 million in CY 2009 to more than $1 billion in 2016. The number of U.S. citizen visitors to Peru increased 40 percent in the last five years and now exceeds 570,000 per year. Approximately 3,200 Peruvian students study in the United States each year.
Peru’s Membership in International Organizations
Peru and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Principal U.S. Embassy officials are listed in the Department’s Key Officers List.
The U.S. Embassy maintains a Consular Agency in Cusco for emergency and other services to U.S. citizens resident or traveling to the Cusco region.
Peru maintains an embassy in the United States at 1700 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036; tel. (202) 833-9860. The Embassy of Peru in the United States provides consular services through its Consulates General in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Hartford, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Francisco, Washington, and New York.
More information about Peru is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
CIA World Factbook Peru Page
USAID Peru Page
History of U.S. Relations With Peru
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Peru
Library of Congress Country Studies