More information about the Dominican Republic is available on the Dominican Republic Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-Dominican Republic Relations
The United States established diplomatic relations with the Dominican Republic in 1884. Since its 1844 independence from neighboring Haiti, the country has seen a mix of coups, U.S. military intervention and occupations, military government, and democratic government. The Dominican Republic’s first peaceful transfer of power from one freely elected president to another was in 1978.
U.S. relations with the Dominican Republic are solid, but complex. The country is an important partner in hemispheric affairs due to its standing in the Caribbean as the second-largest economy (behind Cuba) and third-largest country in terms of population (behind Cuba and Haiti), its large bilateral trade with the United States, and its proximity to the United States. The two governments cooperate in the fight against trafficking in illegal substances and persons, the extradition of fugitives, and measures to hinder illegal migration.
The United States has a strong interest in a democratic, stable, and economically healthy Dominican Republic and supports its democratic and economic development. The International Monetary Fund predicted the Dominican Republic registered the -fastest economic growth in Latin America during 2018 with low, stable inflation. Despite a falling poverty rate, income inequality remains high and the country faces considerable obstacles to sustaining such robust growth over the long term, including the poor quality of the country’s education system, the inability of the health system to adequately respond to the population’s needs, and severe inefficiencies in the energy sector. While there have been efforts to address corruption, improving transparency is a priority in order to consolidate the country’s democratic gains. The U.S. Government works with Dominican authorities to address these issues, as well as with local and international partners to strengthen institutional and technical capacity.
U.S. Assistance to the Dominican Republic
U.S. assistance helps build accountable and transparent institutions that can better serve the needs of the Dominican people and strengthen democratic governance. In addition, U.S. assistance stimulates income generation opportunities for youth, small businesses, and rural communities, promotes English language learning and increased educational and cultural opportunities through exchange programs, improves the protection of the environment, enables local organizations to promote ecological and cultural tourism, and furthers the equitable provision of quality health and education services. The Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) complements bilateral programs in the Dominican Republic and provides additional assistance to law enforcement, citizen safety, and rule of law programs.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The Dominican Republic’s most important trading partner is the United States. The two countries are parties to the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), along with five Central American countries. This agreement creates new economic opportunities by eliminating tariffs, opening markets, reducing barriers to services, and promoting transparency. It facilitates trade and investment among the seven countries and furthers regional integration.
U.S. exports to the Dominican Republic include petroleum products, oil, agricultural products, machinery, vehicles, cotton, yarn, and fabric. U.S. imports from the Dominican Republic include optical and medical instruments, electrical components, jewelry and gold, agricultural products, machinery, tobacco, and knit apparel. U.S. firms, mostly manufacturers of apparel, footwear, and light electronics, as well as U.S. energy companies, account for much of the foreign private investment in the Dominican Republic.
The Dominican Republic’s Membership in International Organizations
The Dominican Republic and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department’s [418 KB].
More information about the Dominican Republic is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Dominican Republic Page
Caribbean Region Landing Page
U.S Strategy for Engagement in the Caribbean
History of U.S. Relations With the Dominican Republic
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements