The United States is committed to deepening its strategic partnership with Iraq and the Iraqi people. Under the Strategic Framework Agreement between Iraq and the U.S., we remain dedicated to building Iraq’s defensive capabilities, providing security assistance, and working with Iraq to improve its stability and security, including through operations to defeat ISIS and its affiliates. U.S. security cooperation activities are increasing the Iraqi Security Forces’ (ISF) ability to respond to threats and conduct counter-terrorism operations, while supporting the long-term development of a modern, accountable, and professional Iraqi security force capable of defending Iraq, its people, and its borders, while upholding the rule of law.
Foreign Military Sales (FMS)
Since 2003, the Department of State has approved more than $23 billion in Foreign Military Sales (FMS) to Iraq. The Iraqi Government has used national funds to finance the vast majority of these government-to-government transfers of U.S.-origin defense articles. Iraq values the FMS system because of its transparency and reliability. This partnership has demonstrated Iraq’s commitment to building a strong and enduring defense and security relationship with the United States.
While host nation funded transfers constitute the bulk of Iraq’s purchases, U.S. security assistance programs have facilitated the transfer of additional U.S.-origin equipment, training, and support to Iraq. These programs include Foreign Military Financing (FMF), Excess Defense Articles (EDA) grants, and Presidential Drawdown Authority, which are overseen by the U.S. Department of State, as well as the Department of Defense (DoD)’s Building Partner Capacity grants in the form of the Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund (CTEF).
Foreign Military Financing (FMF)
Iraq’s FMF program began in 2012. Since then, Congress has appropriated over $2 billion in FMF for Iraq. These funds were originally intended to build Iraq’s long-term sustainment and logistics capabilities, and fund ISF professionalization and other essential training.
Starting in 2014, as ISIS emerged in Iraq, portions of FMF funding were redirected to urgent counterterrorism requirements. These funds were critical to Iraq’s efforts to defeat ISIS, demonstrating the flexibility and speed of Department of State security assistance programs. The programs funded through Department of State grant assistance continue to improve the security environment in Iraq.
FMF Credit Facilities
Iraq received over $3.8 billion in FMF Credit Facilities (CF) in FY 2016 and FY 2017. Iraq’s FY 2016 FMF allocation of $250 million and $150 million of Iraq’s $250 million FY 2017 FMF allocation subsidized these CFs. FMF CFs allow countries to pay for FMS purchases through borrowed funds, which will be repaid over a designated period.
International Military Education Training (IMET)
IMET-funded courses and training for Iraq, conducted at U.S. military institutions in the United States, support professional military education. The courses provided include material on the law of armed conflict and human rights, as well as technical and operational training. Up to $1 million in FY 2017 IMET funds for Iraq are currently being implemented, with ten Iraqi students participating in basic and advanced English language training, Command and General Staff courses, military intelligence courses, and senior non-commissioned officer courses.
Excess Defense Articles (EDA)
The EDA program provides allies and partners excess U.S.-origin military equipment on a grant or sale basis, in an ‘as is, where is’ condition. The program is supervised by the Department of State and implemented by DoD. The U.S. has granted Iraq numerous systems under EDA, including over 300 Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles, armored vehicles, High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs), OH-58 helicopters, howitzers, and individual body armor, all of which have contributed to the fight against ISIS.
Department of Defense Funding
Since FY 2015, DoD has provided over $2.3 billion to the ISF, through the Iraq Train and Equip Fund (ITEF), to fight ISIS. In FY 2017, ITEF was merged into the Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund (CTEF). DoD allocated over $1 billion via CTEF to support the ISF in FY 2017, and has requested $1.269 billion in CTEF for Iraq in its FY 2018 Budget Request. State and DoD work closely to coordinate security assistance to Iraq.
Conventional Weapons Destruction
The United States has invested more than $381 million in Iraq since 2003 toward the clearance and safe disposal of landmines, unexploded ordnance (UXO), improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and excess conventional weapons and munitions, as documented in this separate Fact Sheet.
For further information, please contact the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at PM-CPA@state.gov, and follow the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs on Twitter, @StateDeptPM.