The United States and Jordan work collectively toward the common goal of a stable, secure, and prosperous Middle East. Jordan is a vital U.S. partner on a wide range of regional security issues. The United States works with Jordan to increase cooperation on border security, maritime security, arms transfers, cybersecurity, and counterterrorism. In addition, Jordan participates with U.S. and Global Coalition forces against al-Qa’ida, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and their regional and global affiliates. Jordan and the United States maintain a formal Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA).
Jordan’s stability and security is a priority for the United States, and we provided Jordan with assistance since the late 1960s. The United States and Jordan have memorialized bilateral foreign assistance in three non-binding Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) (FYs 2010-2014, 2015-2017, and 2018-2022), demonstrating a strong, multi-year U.S. commitment to Jordan’s security and stability. The MOUs outline areas of critical security and economic cooperation, while simultaneously helping Jordan mitigate the effects of regional crises, including the strain of refugees from Syria and Iraq on Jordan’s budget. Under the current five-year, $1.275 billion per year MOU, the United States undertakes to provide a minimum of $350 million of Foreign Military Financing (FMF) each year.
Since 2014, the U.S. Department of State provided Jordan with $2.03 billion in Foreign Military Financing (FMF), which makes Jordan the third largest global recipient of FMF funds. In addition, the Department of Defense (DoD) has provided an additional $246 million to the Jordanian Armed Forces under its 333 authority since 2017, making Jordan one of the largest recipients of this funding. Further, the United States has supported the Jordan Border Security Program, an integrated border security surveillance, detection, and interdiction system along 350 miles of Jordan’s land borders since 2009, at a cost of over $234 million. All of these funds support provision of equipment and other assistance Jordan urgently needs to rapidly respond to transnational threats along its border and participate in Global Coalition operations, including: spare parts for F-16 aircraft and UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters, precision guided munitions, night vision devices, small arms, and other essential equipment.
Since 2014, the U.S. Department of State provided Jordan with $18.88 million for International Military Education and Training (IMET), which is one of our largest global allocations. Nearly 6,000 members of the JAF have received training in the United States. IMET courses advance military professionalization, build capacity in key areas, enhance interoperability with U.S. forces, and create a deeper understanding of the United States. IMET is key to establishing lasting relationships with future leaders; graduates in Jordan include King Abdullah II, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Vice Chairman, the Air Force commander, the Special Forces commander, and numerous other commanders.
The U.S. has $5.3 billion in active government-to-government sales cases with Jordan under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) system. FMS sales notified to Congress are listed here, and recent and significant prior sales include: F-16 weapons, munitions, ground vehicles, jet engines, and logistics support; High-Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS); Guided Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (GMLRS), and other multiple rocket launch systems; 37 Meter Coastal Patrol Boats; as well as AMRAAM air-to-air and Javelin anti-tank missiles.
The U.S. also authorized the permanent export of over $764 million in defense articles to Jordan since 2014, via the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) process. The top categories of DCS to Jordan include: aircraft, fire control/night vision, and military electronics.
Jordan was designated as a Major Non-NATO ally in 1996, and such designation provides a number of benefits reserved to North Atlantic Treaty Organization and allied nations, including potential participation in cooperative research and development, priority delivery for Excess Defense Articles (EDA), and reciprocally-funded cooperative training. Since 2014, Jordan received three C-130 aircraft, MEI-23E Hawk missiles, and cargo trucks via the EDA program.
For further information, please contact the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at PM-CPA@state.gov, and follow the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs on Twitter, @StateDeptPM.