For more than 50 years, the United States and Nigeria have enjoyed a strong security partnership and friendship. The U.S.-Nigeria relationship is among the most important in sub-Saharan Africa, given Nigeria’s status as Africa’s most populous country, largest economy, and leading oil producer. The United States works closely with Nigeria, both bilaterally and through regional and multilateral fora like the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF), the Global Coalition to Defeat Daesh/ISIS, and the African Union. Our joint efforts are focused on increasing cooperation on maritime and border security, military professionalization, counterterrorism efforts against Boko Haram and ISIS-West Africa, defense trade, and strengthening governance of the security sector.
The Department of State provided $7.1 million in International Military Education and Training (IMET) funding to the Nigerian military from FY 2016-FY 2020. Nigeria is also a partner in the Africa Military Education Program (AMEP) and has received $1.1 million to support instructor and/or curriculum development at Nigerian military schools. In FY 2016 and 2017, Nigeria received a combined $1.3 million in Foreign Military Financing to support maritime security, military professionalization and counterterrorism efforts. Nigeria is an active member of the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) and has received $9.3 million worth of training, equipment, and advisory support for counterterrorism efforts.
The United States has $590 million in active government-to-government sales cases with Nigeria under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) system. FMS cases notified to Congress are listed here . Recent and significant sales include up to 12 A-29 Super Tucano aircraft worth $497 million to support Nigerian military operations against Boko Haram and ISIS West Africa and counter illicit trafficking in Nigeria and the Gulf of Guinea. The case includes special training on the Law of Armed Conflict and International Humanitarian Law. Nigeria also has active air-to-ground integration to mitigate the possibility of civilian harm. The persistent light attack and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities Nigeria will develop upon completion of this sale and associated programming involve more than just airplanes – Nigeria will have the trained personnel and sustainment infrastructure to ensure a robust capability for the aircrafts’ full service lifetime.
In FY 2019, the United States also authorized the permanent export of over $127,525 in defense articles to Nigeria via the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) process. The top categories of DCS to Nigeria were Fire Control, Laser, Imaging, and Guidance Equipment; Aircraft and Related Articles; and Military Electronics.
In 2011 and 2015 Nigeria received $15 million in defense articles granted under the Excess Defense Articles program, to include 24 Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles and two Hamilton-class U.S. Coast Guard high endurance cutters, the USCGC Chase and USCGC Gallatin, which entered service in the Nigerian Navy as Thunder and Okpabana in 2011 and 2014, respectively.
In 2016, the United States and Nigeria signed an Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement to exchange common types of support, including food, fuel, transportation, ammunition, and equipment. Since 2000, the United States has had a Status of Forces agreement with Nigeria establishing the legal framework under which U.S. military personnel may operate.
The Department of Defense has also partnered with Nigeria since 2009 on its C-130 restoration program, on the establishment of a military exercise simulation center at the Armed Forces Command and Staff College in Jaji, Kaduna State, and on a multi-year institutional capacity building program to assist the Ministry of Defense with the development of policies and doctrine.
Since 1993, the United States has provided $2.14 million to support conventional weapons destruction and humanitarian mine action programs in Nigeria. In March 2017, the Department of Defense donated demining and EOD equipment to Nigeria and providing mine action training for Nigeria’s EOD teams at the Nigerian School of Military Engineering. According to the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor , the full extent of contamination from landmines and other explosive remnants of war is not known, but incidents have been reported in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states.
For further information, please contact the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at PM-CPA@state.gov and follow the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs on Twitter, @StateDeptPM .