The United States and Oman are working collectively towards the common goal of a stable, secure, and prosperous Middle East. Oman is also a vital U.S. partner on a wide range of regional security issues and a member of the . The United States works with Oman and other members of the Gulf Cooperation Council to increase cooperation on border security, maritime security, military preparedness, arms transfers, cybersecurity, and counterterrorism.
The U.S.-Omani partnership is one of the oldest in the region, inaugurated by an 1833 treaty in support of friendship and navigation. The United States and Oman have maintained close defense ties since the establishment of official diplomatic relations in 1972, signing a military cooperation agreement in 1980, and revising and renewing that agreement in 2010. In March 2019, the United States and Oman signed a Framework Agreement governing U.S. access to facilities and ports in Salalah and Duqm. The United States and Oman work closely to ensure freedom of navigation in the key naval chokepoint of the Strait of Hormuz, counter-piracy, and combat weapons and narcotics trafficking.
The U.S. has 72 active cases valued at $2.86 billion with Oman under the government-to-government Foreign Military Sales (FMS) system. FMS sales notified to Congress are listed , and recent and significant prior sales include: upgrades to its F-16 Block 50/52 fighter aircraft, ongoing logistics and sustainment support; AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM and AIM-9X Sidewinder air-to-air missiles; AGM-84 Harpoon air-to-ground munitions; and Javelin and TOW-2B anti-tank missile systems.
These F-16 and missile sales have heightened Oman’s ability to provide homeland defense, deter aerial or armored attack, and counter efforts to seize crucial oil and natural gas infrastructure. They also provide enhanced interoperability with U.S. and Coalition forces.
Since 2014, the U.S. has also authorized the permanent export of over $730 million in defense articles to Oman via the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) process. The top categories of DCS to Oman include: gas turbine engines, military electronics, and firearms.
Since 2014, the U.S. has provided Oman with over $13 million in Foreign Military Financing and $10.901 million for International Military Education and Training (IMET). Over 927 members of the Omani Armed Forces have received training in the United States, including 47 members in FY 2018. IMET provides professional military education and training to military students and is key to establishing lasting relationships with future leaders. IMET courses increase military professionalization, enhance interoperability with U.S. forces, offer instruction on the law of armed conflict and human rights, provide technical and operational training, and create a deeper understanding of the United States.
For further information, please contact the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at PM-CPA@state.gov, and follow the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs on Twitter,